What Are Trace Elements?
Needed in small amounts in the diet
< 100 mg/day
Found in small amounts in the body
What Are Trace Elements?
Why are trace
Crucial to many body
Provide health benefits beyond
Neutralize free radicals
Reduce heart disease, cancer risk
Found in fruits, vegetables, whole
Amino Acids Are the Building Blocks
Proteins are sequences
of amino acids
Types of amino acids
Amino Acids Are the
Building Blocks of Proteins
Taste and Smell: The Beginnings of
Our Food Experience
Common chemical sense
Cephalic phase responses
The Gastrointestinal Tract
Mouth to anus
Energy: Fuel for Work
Chemical energy in carbohydrates, fat,
Transferring food energy to cellular
Stage 1: digestion, absorption, transport
Stage 2: breakdown of molecules
Stage 3: transfer of energy
The character of alcohol
The alcohol in beer, wine, spirits
Alcohol: Is it a nutrient?
No other nutritive value
Alcohol and Its Sourc
1. When I gave birth to my first born son, I believe I put the nurse that was caring for me in an
ethical dilemma. I was in labor for a considerable amount of time, and very quickly the doctor
decided that an emer
Consequentialism is the ethical theory that sees right or wrong in terms of consequences. The
goal of the consequentialist is that the act performed leads to some sort of good that is good in
and of itself, independent of any further cons
Informed consent provides the patient with the dignity and freedom to make his/her individual
choices in regard to his/her health care. In order for lawful informed consent to be possible, the
patient must be competent, and the physician must p
1. Truthfulness, at first thought, seems to have a clear and simple definition; to tell the truth.
When looking at truthfulness through the lens of healthcare ethics, however, and this
case study in particular, there are many aspects that need to be furth
Hospital ethics committees are a great resource to hospitals working to give the best
possible treatment to their patients. Depending on the size, location of the hospitals, these
committees may function differently, however the main goal is to address th
The concept of medical futility is up for great debate in this case study, and one cannot
arrive at a conclusion without looking further into the details of this case. Jecker describes
medical futility to be interventions that are unlikely to pro
HCR230 Lesson 5
1. Name three barriers to health care described by the author, and describe one step a
health professional can take to help patients overcome those barriers.
2. Why does Spector argue that medicine has become an institution of social contr
HCR230 Lesson 7
1. Which barriers to health care do Hispanics face to receiving adequate health care, and how
can healthcare providers help reduce those barriers?
2. Describe the situation of Blacks in the health care system, including examples from the
HCR230 Lesson 6
1. What is acupuncture, and for what conditions has it been found effective? (hint:
2. Describe cultural and communication problems frequently encountered by American
Indian/Alaska Native populations in the context of th
HCR230 Lesson 1
There are 2 areas you should address:
1. Please list each of the beliefs and their definitions in your own words.
2. If a person displays ethnocentrism, does that mean that the person is displaying racism?
Give an example using scholarly s
HCR210 Lesson 5
According to Thomas M. Garrett, Rosellen M. Garrett, Baillie, and McGeehan (1998, p.
50), Institutional or Hospital Ethics Committees are multidisciplinary groups of healthcare
professionals, frequently joined by community representativ
HCR210 Lesson 6
1. How does the concept of medical futility apply to this case, based upon the reading you
have done for this assignment?
2. Based upon the reading for this lesson, now that the patient has regained consciousness,
must she be involved in h
HCR210 Lesson 7
1. Briefly analyze the moral status of the fetus and how the demand to defend the
marginalized influences the authors position on this issue as it appears in your
2. Briefly summarize the ethical issues relevant to abortion and t
HCR210 Lesson 3
1. Please apply the ethical principle of truthfulness to this situation, using the textbook and
any necessary outside resources in order to formulate your response.
2. How does the ethical concept of confidentiality apply in this situation
HCR230 Lesson 4
There is an interest and an increase in the use of alternative therapies. What are the three
theories that explain the shift to alternative care?
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine was founded in 1998
HCR230 Lesson 2
The textbook highlights the immigration history of the U.S. You are required to discuss the
1. The negative implications of the Patriot Act.
2. The amnesty for illegal aliens, also referred to as the 1986 Immigration Reform and
The most recent medical controversy I have encountered is in regards to Planned Parenthood clinics. Like
many ethical controversies, abortion has been in the spotlight actively and is now once again part of the
political focus of the United States governm
1. According to Health Care Ethics: Principles and Problems (Garrett, 2010, p. 32), an informed
consent is defined by how the patient must be able to understand the treatment and the risks
associated with it. Additionally, the patient must also be able to
In the current age, scientific advancements offer new opportunities to enhance life,
though they simultaneously raise questions about the potential for harm; for this reason, an
ethics committee is an essential component of any medical center. The purpose