relatively stable and enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions.
ethics, morals, values, integrity
Freud's term for thoughts or motives that a person is currently aware of or is
The relatively permanent change in behavior or mental processes caused by
Learning through involuntarily paired associations
-neutral stimulus (NS) becomes paired with an unconditioned stimulus (US) to elicit a
An internal record or representation of some prior event or experience.
The barrage of information we encounter every day goes through three basic
operations: encoding, storage, and retrieval.
an organism's awareness of its own self and surroundings
alternate state of consciousness (ASC)
the mental states found during sleep, dreaming, psychoactive drug use, hypnosis, and
sleeping, dreaming, anesthesia, coma
"mixing of the senses"
-routine blending of sensory experiences
ex) "see" temperatures, "taste" shapes
the process of detecting, converting, and transmitting raw sensory information from the
external and internal environments to the
the study of age-related changes in behavior and mental processes from conception to
Life stages in order prenatal-late adulthood
Prenatal (conception- birth)
Infancy (birth- 18 mos
Early Childhood (18 mos- 6yrs)
Metal activities involved in acquiring, storing, retrieving, and using knowledge.
This part of the brain associates complex ideas; makes plans; forms, initiates, and
allocates attention; and supports multitasking.
the scientific study of how people's feelings, thoughts, and actions are affected by
explanations for behaviors or events
how we think about and interpret ourselves and others
Techniques employed to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustment to
Freudian therapy designed to bring unconscious conflicts into conscious awareness;
also Freud's theoretical school of thought
a strong affectional bond with special others that endures over time
strange situation procedure
Mary Ainsworth; observed how infants responded to the presence or absence of their
mother and a stranger.
seeks a closeness with