Abductor Digiti Minimi: abd. 5th finger, ulnar N (C8,T1)
O In A N
Abductor Hallucis: Calcaneous, Medial side of proximal phalanx of great toe, abd great toe, med. plantar N (L4-5)
Abductor Pollicis Brevis: abd/assists opposition of thumb, median N (C8-T1)
Why Hemoglobin and Myoglobin
The ability to metabolize nutrients under aerobic conditions is pivotal
event for multicellular organisms.
The energy extracted from glucose is 15 times greater under aerobic
Laws of Chemistry and Physics in Biology
Thermodynamics and Biological Systems
Everything obeys the law!
Thermodynamics deals with systems and their surrounding
All life forms require active energy to sustain.
There is a quiz today.
Levels of Protein Structure
Alpha-helix is characterized by
a.H-bonds between amino acids on the same strand with the R groups
b.H-bonds between amino acids in adjacent strands that are parallel
with the R group
Question 1 0.2 / 0.2 points
The three reaction sites for glycolysis control are:
a) hexokinase, phosophofructokinase, and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase.
J ' b) hexokinase, phosophofructokinase, and pyruvate kinase.
c) hexokinase, aldolase, and pyruvat
Question 1 0.25 / 0.25 points
Which of the following describes the relationship between the strengths of hydrogen and covalent bonds?
a) Hydrogen bonds are always stronger than covalent bonds.
b) Hydrogen bonds and covalent bonds have equivalent strength.
DNA is made from the building blocks adenine, guanine, cytosine and
J G a) thymine
O b) inosine
O c) ribose
Q d) uridine
The DNA backbone is made from repeating
O a) fatty acid
0 b) amino acid units
" (D c) sugar-phosphate units
0 d) monosaccharide units
in fatty acid synthesis, acyl or acetyl carbon units are transported by
O a) carnitine to the cytoplasm.
n/ b) citrate to the cytoplasm.
O c) malonyl-CoA to the mitochondria.
Q d) citrate to the mitochondria.
Ubiquitin is a _
J (9 a) protein that is attac
Examples of secondary messengers include:
3 (9 a) CAMP.
O b) calcium ion.
0 c) diacyl glycerol.
0 d) Both a and b
D G e) All ofthe above.
Organisms capable of carrying out reduction of atmospheric nitrogen include
J (9 a) some bacteria and archaea.
O b) h
Lecture 22: 44 slides:
Heart problem and Immune:
-Ellood in veins in under low pressure
-2 major pumps assist in moving blood back to heart
-lnhalation: Pressure in thoracic cage drops and draws blood into veins
Why are larger individuals of a particular species eaten
more frequently than smaller ones?
McKenzie Childers, Hailey Davis, Kelsey Floyd, and Kyle Cook
Catocala moths foraging behavior has been studied by scientists for many years.
1) I learned that endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are still
active in very low concentrations. I also learned that EDCs can
cause adverse health outcomes.
2) The thing that surprised me the most article was that it was
Popular Physiology Review 3
1) I read the Evolution of Sweet taste perception in hummingbird by transformation of the
ancestral umami receptor by Maude W. Baldwin, Yasuka Toda, Tomoya Nakagita,Mary J.
O'Connell, Kirk C. Klasing, Takumi Misaka
Exam 3 Learning Objectives: Inheritance, Cancer, and Evolution
List the major stages of the cell cycle Including interphase
Describe the events that take place in each stage: Chekcpoints, cell
Predict the results of e
Energy is required for work
- Typically uses heat for this
- Limiting factor in extreme climates
Heat is a bi-product of all cellular activities
o Exergonic: giving off heat
o Endergonic: takes in heat
Why do these reactions generate heat?
The Regulation of Temperature and Body Fluids
Largest dessert in the world?
- The tundra
What might be limiting factors in life?
- Availability of Liquid water
Characteristics of Body Shape?
- Fur, body shape, fat percentage, size
Learning Objectives for newly introduced material
(All previous Learning Objectives are included on Final Exam)
Hormones and Endocrine control pt II
1. Define Hormone and explain their role in the body.
2. Explain and identify the components of
Chapter 2 Notes
The Evolution of Life
Note: Questions italicized in red were clicker questions asked in class
Things he mentioned to know:
- Organic molecules contain Carbon
- Glucose equation: C6H12O6
Hypothesizes 1st Chemicals in Evolution of Life:
Geese and Ducks Show Ideal Free Distribution Foraging Model
Jimmy Ross Ogden
Ecology Lab 3403-011
The University of Oklahoma
By looking at an optimal foraging
model of an animal, we can better
understand how an animal behaves when
Principles of Ecology
Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF)
Emerging diseases are infections that have appeared in a population or geographical area
and can be caused by previous undetected infectious agents, spread of known inf
STUDY GUIDE FOR FINAL EXAM
In addition to the material on the first two study guides, for the final
exam also be familiar with the following.
What is a community? What are collective vs. emergent community
What is a species accumulation curve?
Principles of Ecology
Patient Zero Summary
The podcast starts with the hosts and producers on an abandoned island where people
with infectious diseases were quarantined. The hosts begin telling a story that started in 1906 in
Musk Thistle (Carduus nutans L.)
This invasive weed, native to Western Europe and Asia, was first recorded as introduced
to the United States in 1842 in Davidson, Tennessee where the means was likely in ballast wat
1. Since in the mixed species, the carnivore morph of S. bombifrons increased in growth
and the carnivore morph of S. multiplicata decreased in growth. Therefore, the carnivore
morph of the S. bombifrons out competes S. multipl
What is nervous system? Its three general functions?
Organization of nervous system.
Parts of nervous system:
nerve cells (neurons): cell body, processes
supporting cells (neuroglia)
Structural and functiona
Chapter 9-part 3
What is muscle twitch?
What is wave summation; tetanus?
Treppe: staircase effect.
What are isotonic and isometric contractions?
Muscle metabolism: Sources of ATP-