Exam 2 Study Guide
Summarize the roles/functions of lipids in the human body.
What are the concerns associated with high fat diets?
Know the structural difference between saturated, MUFA, PUFA and trans fats.
Know the impact of each on cholesterol
Practice Quiz 2/17
Cardiac output is equal to
Stroke Volume x Heart Rate
How does moderate aerobic exercise affect blood pressure?
Increased systolic pressure, decreased diastolic
Systolic is the higher value / Diastolic
Consuming one liter of oxygen r
Wednesday - February 24, 2016
Evaluating Fitness Products
Claims vs. Reality
o #1 reason why people dont exercise is not enough time
o Exercise = time management
o No mention of nutrition
Muscle Physiology and Function
Why Critique Scientific Literature?
Media claims vs. actual scientific data
Media provide the majority of information about food and health
However, it is often contradict and/or misleading
All cyclists should not lift weights because it makes them bu
Carbs = 45%-65%
What are the different types of dietary carbohydrate?
Carbon, Hydrogen, and oxygen
o Glucose, Galactose, Fructose
o Maltose, Lactose, Sucrose
How are recommended dietary intakes determined?
Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences
o 1941: First set of Recommendatory Dietary Allowances (RDA)
Dietary References Intakes (DRIs) represent the cu
Energy Systems & Metabolism
No Macronutrients, Phosphocreatine
APP Pi Mgt
Less than 2 minutes
LA, Increase after (acidic) wall
T+E 200 Scantron / 8 x 11 / Blue
Why is Body Mass Index unreliable as a tool in fitness programs?
BMI does not differentiate between muscle and fat
(BMI is measured by Height and Weight)
When choosing exercises for a new gym-goer, why should you consider
Dietary fat is an important energy source for endurance-type sports events
What are the different types of Lipids?
o Sterols (Cholesterol)
What are Triglycerides?
An ester of glycerol and 3 fatty ac
San Jose State University
NUFS/KIN 163- Physical Fitness and Nutrition
Departments of Kinesiology and Nutrition, Food Science & Packaging
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE
You will write two (2) critical analyses of the scientific lite
Complex structure containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, and in some cases
sulfur. These elements combine to form amino acids.
Is there a difference between
animal and plant protein?
First, consider the two main classes of
* One of the most important nutrients in your diet, from the standpoint of both health and
* Feed the brain/nervous system/muscles/tissues
* Keep digestive system fit
* Carbohydrates - Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxyge
San Jos State University
Departments of Nutrition, Food Science, & Packaging and Kinesiology
NuFS/KIN 163, Physical Fitness & Nutrition
Katie Osborne MS
Renee Ryan MS, RD
SSC 400-22 (10th street garage)
Consumer Product AD Analysis #2: Sketchers Shape-Ups
The Shape-Ups are a line of heel-to-toe rocker bottom shoes developed by Sketchers.
Like other rocker bottom shoes of its kind, the Shape-Ups feature a thick sole and rounded heel
Scientific Method & Research
The process of gaining knowledge about the universe through the observation of measurable
Headline News Be Wary!
Nutrition: A very young science
New & conflicting studies reported daily always con
Caffeine in Athletic Performance
Caffeine Supplementation and Multiple Sprint Running Performance (2007)
Purpose: Show ergogenic effects of caffeine
-21 physically active men. (volunteers)
-Randomized Double-blind research
Weight Control and Energy Balance
Body Mass Index (BMI)
* A height to weight ratio
Underweight = < 18.5
Normal BMI = 18.5 24.9
Overweight = 25-29.9
Obese = 30
* Strengths of using BMI
* screening device for both underweight and obesity, both of wh
What are some common foods
high in fat content?
Fats & Oils
* Oils, butter, lard, margarine, nuts
* Sausages, hot dogs, beef, bacon
* Whole milk
Grains w/ added fat
* Donuts, croissants, biscuits
What are the di
Guidelines for Sound Nutrition & Health
The Bad News.
Some of the leading causes of death
(84% of all deaths):
Chronic lung diseases
Chronic kidney diseases
Expensive to treat and costs are rising!
Dietary Supplements and Ergogenic Aids
Exercise and Nutrition
What makes a
Optimal training can maximize an athletes genetic potential
Some specific nutritional practices may benefit athletes
What is Sport
San Jose State University
Article for Analysis on Science Literature 1
Recent studies have neglected the potential harm consumption of egg yolks have on
individuals. With the cohort studies being inconsistent in the inclusion of egg yol
San Jose State University
The Effects of Caffeine on Athletic Agility
Athletic agility has been key point in many sports such as American Football and Rugby
where quick bursts power and speed are tied directly to performance. With the
Consumer Product AD Analysis
In 2012 GotChocolateMilk.com released an ad campaign advocating the nutritional
benefits of chocolate milk. This ad is in grayscale, featuring the then, 2010, Ironman world
champion, Mirinda Carfrae, in a kitc
1. Muscle Physiology and Function
vi. Motor unit
1. Motor nerve connected to a number of muscle fibers
2. All or none principle
3. Some motor units innervate up to 1,000 muscle fibe