Chapter 13: Respiratory System Disorders
1. What happens in the lungs when the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles relax?
a. Air is forced out of the lungs.
b. Lung volume increases.
c. Intrapulmonic pressure decreases.
Chapter 17: Digestive System Disorders
1. Which of the following cells in the gastric mucosa produce intrinsic factor and hydrochloric
Chapter 16: Endocrine System Disorders
1. What kind of control mechanism is indicated when increased blood glucose levels stimulate
increased secretion of insulin?
Control by releasing hormones
Control by tropic hormones
Chapter 14: Neurological Disorders
1. Through what area does the cerebrospinal fluid circulate around the brain and spinal cord?
a. Between the double layers of the dura mater
b. In the subdural space
c. In the subarachnoid space
Chapter 12: Cardiovascular System Disorders
1. Which of the following actions causes the atrioventricular (AV) valves to close?
a. Increased intraventricular pressure
b. Depolarization at the AV node
c. Ventricular relaxation and
Chapter 27: Substance Abuse and Associated Problems
1. What is/are the typical effect(s) of psychedelic substances?
a. Drowsiness and euphoria
b. Marked stimulation of the central nervous system (CNS)
c. Lethargy and decreased me
Chapter 15: Disorders of the Eye, Ear, and Other Sensory Organs
1. What do the extrinsic muscles of the eye control?
a. Movement of the eyeball
b. Movement of the eyelid
c. Size of the pupil
d. Shape of the lens
Chapter 11: Lymphatic System Disorders
1. The spleen has a number of important functions, which include:
a. lymph production, hematopoiesis, platelet production.
b. hematopoiesis, destruction of old erythrocytes, blood reservoir.
Chapter 24: Complications due to Aging
1. All of the following changes are associated with aging EXCEPT:
a. loss of elastic fibers.
b. decreased metabolic rate.
c. decreased secretion of all hormones.
d. degenerative vascular cha
Chapter 18: Urinary System Disorders
1. Which of the following structures is most likely to be located in the renal medulla?
a. Proximal convoluted tubule
c. Loop of Henle
d. Afferent arteriole
Chapter 28: Environmental Hazards and Associated Problems
1. Which of the following is likely to result from lead poisoning?
a. Damage to the brain and peripheral nerves
b. Inflammation and fibrosis in the lungs
c. Various cancer
Chapter 20: Neoplasms and Cancer
1. What is a benign neoplasm originating from adipose tissue called?
2. What are malignant neoplasms arising from connective
Chapter 25: Immobility and Associated Problems
1. Which of the following is likely to develop when a leg is immobilized in a cast?
b. Muscle hypertrophy
c. Muscle atrophy
d. Increased osteoblastic activity
Chapter 10: Blood and Circulatory System Disorders
1. Which of the following would result from a reduced number of erythrocytes in the blood?
a. Increased hemoglobin in the blood
b. Decreased hematocrit
c. Increased risk of hemos
Chapter 19: Reproductive System Disorders
1. Which statement about the testes is TRUE?
a. Each testis contains the ductus deferens.
b. The testes are suspended by the spermatic cord.
c. Each testis has its own scrotal sac and sem
Chapter 23: Complications due to Adolescence
1. The biological changes associated with adolescence are stimulated primarily by:
a. the peripheral nervous system.
b. the thalamus.
c. increased secretion of estrogen and progesteron
G Determine GAPS in data
Assess to detect data in high risk
R Sort the data & differentiate RELEVANT
A - Question ACCURACY of results do the
results make sense?
S - Assess SIGNIFICANCE of the alt
N 24 Study outline
Topic: Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Imbalance and Central Venous Access Devices
Textbook: Lewis et al. (2014) 9th edition Chapter 17
% of water in the
child vs. older
Patient Data: Male, age 52 years.
Prior medical history: Past surgical history is notable for
appendectomy and right inguinal hernia re
Fluid & Electrolyte iClicker
Nurse anticipates that treatment for the pt. w/ total serum calcum level of 14.4 mg/dL will
1. Phosphate binding agents
2. Infusion of IV dextrose
3. Lasix & IV saline infusion
4. IV insulin & glucose
Main cation in EC
Topic: Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Imbalance, and Central Venous Access Devices
Understand body fluid compartments and the movement of fluids within the body
Identify the two major flui
To Do List Inflammation and Wound Healing
Overall Goal: Achieve an understanding of the nursing care issues related to patients with skin
Textbook: Lewis et al. (2014) 9th edition
1. Chapter 12 Please read the following pages: pp. 177-178
Topic: Inflammation, Wound Healing & Integumentary System
Understand the key mechanisms of wound healing (Ch. 12)
a. Describe healing by primary, secondary and tertiary intention.
a. Discuss factors that delay wound healing.
Patient profile: Mrs. Donovan, 82 years-old, was admitted to your unit today directly from her
physicians office. She was recently widowed and she lives alone in an upstairs apartment.
Three days ago, she scraped her left foot on a sharp edge w
Pain Chapter 9
Define pain: whatever the person experiencing the pain says it is, existing whenever the person says it does
International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) = unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with ac
Homeostasis: stable internal environment of body
Water Content of the Body:
Adult: 50 60% TBW
- Men > women water weight (b/c men = more muscle)
Older adult: 45 55% chance of fluid related problems
ICF Intracellular Fluid = INSIDE cell
- 2/3 of total WATE