Plant Biology Chapter 5 Outline I. Roots and Soils a. How roots develop b. Root structure i. Root cap ii. The region of cell division iii. The region of elongation iv. The region of maturation c. Specialized roots i. Food storage roots ii. Water-stor
Genetics 4th exam
Analysis of whole genomes
o Genotype- alleles of an individual in their entirety or at specific gene locus/loci
o Genome- complete (nuclear) genetic info of a cell/organism
Genomics- study of whole genomes
How can we analyze whole geno
Regional Issues: in NW Ark the issues are that you grow chickens, pour things into streams and it
all goes down stream, polluting stuff.
Population: Humans, genetic diversity, plants and animals
Community: assemblage of population. Forest (temp
Bryophytes are found in water., they contain moss, which always grows on the north side of the
tree. Habitats range in elevation from sea level to 5,500m or more. These are all phyla often have
mycorrhizal fungi associated w/ their rhizoids. L
Bacteria (lecture 9)
All are prokaryotic cells (lack a nuclear envelope, single double-stranded DNA, lack membrane
bound organelles, asexual reproduction by fission, sexual reproduction is unknown.
They have a nucleoid instead of a nucleus, nutrition ab
Flowers, Fruits and Seeds
REMEMBER: Monocots occur in 3's and dicots occur in 4's or 6's!
Structure of Flowers:
Flowers begin with an embryonic primordium (the starting point of the stem, in flowers
it is where the bud develops), and it develops into a
Gymnosperms: refers to the exposed nature of the seeds. They are produced on the surface of
sporophylls or similar structures instead of being enclosed w/in a fruit as in flowering plants.
Female gametophyte is produced inside an OVULE (gives
The Seedless Vascular Plants: Ferns and Their Relatives
These produce spores, but have leaves.
Phylum includes: Psilotophyta (Whisk Ferns), Lycophyta (Club Mosses), Equisetophyta
(Horsetails), Polypodiophyta (Ferns) and Fossil Forms.
1-5 for Biology notes
1 lecture notes:
Biology is the scientific study of life. (bio = life, logy = study)
What we are learning today may not be true tomorrow because things constantly change. For
example, the planet Pluto no longer exists there are 8 (
These are all eukaryotic cells which means they have a nuclear envelope, membrane-bound
organelles (like plastids or mitochondria), asexual reproduction by mitosis and sexual
reproduction by fusion. Life cycles vary, reproduction is by c
Sporophyte: the diploid cell (2n which is the sporophyte generation or stages of life cycle
fertilization) spore-producing phase of the life cycle of an organism exhibiting Alternation of
Generations. What it does: the diploid body develops
Plant Biology Chapter 4 Outline I. Tissues a. Meristematic tissues i. Apical Meristem ii. Lateral Meristem 1. Vascular Cambium 2. Cork Cambium iii. Intercalary Meristem b. Tissue produced by meristems i. Simple tissues 1. Parenchyma 2. Collenchyma 3.
Plant Biology Chapter 8 Outline Flowers, fruits, and seeds a. Differences between dicots and monocots b. Structure of flowers c. Fruits i. Introduction ii. Fruit regions iii. Kinds of fruits 1. Fleshy fruits 2. Dry fruits a. Dry fruits that split
Plant Biology Chapter 6 Outline I. Stems a. External form of a woody twig b. Origin and development of stems c. Tissue patters in stems i. Steles ii. Herbaceous dicotyledonous stems iii. Woody dicotyledonous stems iv. Monocotyledonous stems d. Specia
Plant Biology Chapter 1 Outline I. What is plant biology? A. The relationship of humans to their environment 1. Human and animal dependence on plants B. Botany as a science 1. Hypothese 2. Microscopes C. Diversification of plant study Definitions Bot
Plant Biology Chapter 3 Outline I. Cells a. Cells i. History ii. Modern Microscopes b. Eukaryotic versus prokaryotic cells c. Cell structure and communication i. Cell size ii. The cell wall iii. Communication between cells d. Cellular components i. T
Plant Biology Chapter 7 Outline Leaves a. Leaf arrangement and types b. Internal structure of leaves c. Stomata d. Mesophyll and veins e. Specialized leaves i. Shade leaves ii. Leaves of arid regions iii. Leaves of aquatic areas iv. Tendrils v. Spine
Plant Biology Chapter 24 Outline Flowering plants and civilization a. Origin of cultivated plants i. Near-eastern region ii. Chinese region iii. African region iv. South Asia and the islands of the pacific v. North America vi. South and central A
Lecture 6 Biology
1. Autotrophs: producers of biosphere produce their own food and sustain themselves
without eating other organisms.
2. Two types of autotrophs:
use solar energy to make their own food.
E.g. plants, algae, and some b