Lecture 1 Questions
Why are families in developing countries so large? Why does a
reduc7on in child mortality result in explosive popula7on
Explain the dierence between Economic Grow
Es'mated Pop. (millions)
Es'mate Annual Growth Rate
As Developed Countries Undergo Aging and Littl
Agriculture and Jobs
Much of the micronance industry and this social business
movement is founded on the idea: THE POOR ARE NATURAL-
However, this may not be
GDP per capita by country
GDP Per Square kilometer
Share of Global Poor By Region
e champagne glass effectthe global distribution of income
bal income distribution model from national houseiture surve
In 2002, 57 million people died. An
analysis of the causes of death, and the
age at which death occurred, reveals
that the world is facing an increasingly
complex set of health challenges
Figure 2: World
Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls
alike, will be able to
Poverty, Education, Inequality: Pakistan
A developing nation is a country is one whose economy is heavily dependent on
agriculture, has a high population growth and a high unemployment rate. Pakistans agricultural
Pakistan: Microfinance, Agriculture, Jobs, and Growth
As of 2015 the unemployment rate in Pakistan was 8.3% or about 15 million people
(tribune.com.pk). About 40% of the population (72 million) are not included in the labor force at
Hunger, Health, Population: Pakistan
There are 805 million hungry people in the world, 40 million of which live in the country
of Pakistan (economictimes.com). Pakistans population has risen to 191 million making it the 6th
Final Study Guide
Final Study Guide:
1. Why dont banks/formal lending institutions want to lend money to the poor?
Default rates on loans are high
Bank officers dont live in the poor villages; dont know the people
Micronance and Savings
The Not So Simple Economics of Lending
to the Poor
Individuals who sell goods usually borrow from the wholesaler
in the morning and repay at night.
What is striking is the l
Lecture 9 Questions
The ques(on: Does Micronance Work? Is poli(cally and
List the arguments that pro-
micronance people use to support
What are the arguments that the an(-
Risk is a central fact of life for the poor, who o6en run small
business or farms or work as casual laborers, with no assurance
of regular employment.
Lecture 2 Questions
Please list the parts of the human development index.
Clean drinking water and improved sanita9on can have a dras9c
eect on the daily lives of the poor. Why can these
Lecture 3 Questions
The poor tend to live in rural areas. Why can this be detrimental
to economic growth?
Explain why incen<ves ma=er to economic development.
Poverty lines we
Lecture 4 Questions
In lecture we discussed three miracle drugs. What are they?
Describe their uses.
The poor o=en spend money on expensive cures rather than
cheap preven@on. Give two of
Lecture 5 Questions
Insec'cide treated bed nets are o/en described as one of the
most eec've ways to lower the incidence of malaria. Why may
they not be eec've in sub-
Lecture 6 Questions
Does top down educa.on policy work? Use examples to
support your claim.
What is the role that expecta.ons play i
E EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER
lve, between 1990
e proportion of people
Figure 1: Proportion of children under age five
who are underweight, 1990 and 2003 (in percentage)
t children under
Inequality and Incentives
What is Inequality?
Income Inequality: The dispropor0onate distribu0on of total
na0onal income among households.
Inequality and human development
countries rival in scale the inequalities i
Lecture 7 Questions
In lecture we discussed the fer0lity decision. How does the
number of desired children dier between men and women?
The demographic transi0on is a commonly used tool in
Lecture 8 Questions
In order to avoid risk, individuals in developing countries tend
to be conserva5ve in how they manage their businesses.
Explain why this strategy lowers the amount of risk individuals