Electrochemical Gradients: used by cells as energy in order to perform work. Or covey
1-2/3rds of ATP in cell is used to drive sodium out, and potassium in. (3 sodiums out = 2
potassium in). Creating 3 gradients:
Bi211 Fall 2015 Exam 1
Name _ Lab time & day: _ W Th
SCORE _ / 70
If a question seems ambiguous, give the best answer and explain why it seemed ambiguous and why you
chose the answer you did.
1. Cells in the pancreas export insulin from the cell and into
1. For this question refer to the 6 molecules shown above: labeled a-f.(Answers can be used more than once,
or never. Each question may have more than one answer.) (11 pts)
List the letter(s) of all of the molecules
that are carbohydrate
Bi211 Lecture 4: Cells
Finish proteins and nucleic acids
Overview of cell structure
Gaucher Disease and cell
Find on Canvas.
Learning is done by the learner.
Gaucher disease is due to a mutation in DNA (nucleic acid)
that alters primar
KEY to Midterm 1 (52 total points possible - two points are extra credit)
1. There are 6 mitochodrial components of the electron transport chain: 4 protein complexes, Q and Cyt-c.
Each of these is capable of accepting and donating electrons. Fill out the
Problem Set #4: Energy, ATP & Enzymes, Harvesting Energy (Lectures 8-10)
4. Human cells can oxidize glucose to produce ATP in two metabolic pathways: one is aerobic, the other is
anaerobic. Note: fermentation in this question, does not include glycolysi
Problem Set #2: Macromolecules, Cell Structure & Function (lectures 1-4)
1. Consider these six molecules for the questions on this page. For each question there may be more than
one answer. Molecules A-F may be used more than once or not at
Problem Set #3: Energy, ATP & Enzymes, Harvesting Energy (Lectures 5-7)
1. You are a fish biologist and notice that many fish in a lake you are studying are infected with an
unknown disease-causing organism. You make the following observations: the dise
Problem Set #1: Macromolecules, Carbohydrates and Lipids (lectures 1&2)
What are the 3 main atoms found in Carbohydrates and Lipids and how many covalent bonds does each
form? C = 4 H = 1 O = 2
On molecule H circle a hydroxyl group any O
Problem Set #6: DNA Structure and Cell Cycle (Lectures 13-15)
1. Use the figure of the DNA molecule below to answer the following questions.
a. How many nucleotides make up this molecule of DNA? (1 pt) _6_
b. We discussed several characteristics of the
Readings (Freeman 4th edition)
Ch 1: read quickly to get an overview of the book and the overall structure of the field of biology. Pay
particular attention to the sections on cells (p. 2-4), classification (p. 5-8), and science as a process (
Problem Set #5: Photosynthesis (Lectures 11-12)
1. Examine the figure below and answer the following questions.
a. List the domain(s) that include(s) organisms that can perform the process illustrated in this figure? (1 pt)
b. In what organelle
Which graph would change if the receptor negative allele was replaced by the JD allele?
Is this a Km or Vmax change?
diet do to
LDLr and HMGR levels?
What would a high cholesterol
Note the overlap in machinery used in these three cell types. Wel
Toxin works by causing
overproduction of cAMP
Why might loss of function CFTR alleles be
1. Aldy Flores and Anthony Gutrick
2. Thursday 10am
3. Blood Pressure
4. It is hypothesized that blood pressure will increase when planking while
participants are holding their breathe because of lack of oxygen being consumed.
5. The biological theory we
Lab Section: W / Th @_
Homework for lectures 7 through 13
1a. Label the following in the diagram above:
spongy mesophyll, xylem, phloem, palisade parenchyma, epidermis.
1b. Add 2 pairs of turgid guard cells to the diagram. Is your st
The Journal of Experimental Biology 216, 2172-2175
2013. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd
High thermal sensitivity of blood enhances oxygen delivery in the high-flying
High thermal sensitivity of blood enhances oxygen delivery in the high-flying bar-headed goose
1. Identify the four components of the introduction, as discussed in Lab 2:
Bi212 lecture 17
Nutritional Homeostasis II
Start writing your paper if you havent already.
HW due Wednesday 5pm, Review session Wednesday 6pm
Readings: LDL paper covered. Heavily represented on quiz and exam.
Warmup clicker: identify the endodermal cells
Nutrition requirements of animals
Nutrients as fuel and/or raw material (building blocks)
II. Ingestion and extra-cellular digestion
a. Big food require
Bi212 lecture notes 14
Finish circulation REVIEW
HW due today, HW sessions attendance has been good, clicker and self test performace has been
Midterm 1 on Friday
You should take the work you do in lab this w
Study Guide Exam # 1
Instructions: It is my hope that everyone will try to follow my advice described here while preparing for the Exam. I am describing below what aspects
on the course I will be thinking about when I write the Exam. The p
Bi212 lecture 16
Cystic Fibrosis & Cholesterol homeostasis 2/17/17
Lab attendance mandatory this week. Start yer paper writing. Eat your vegetables.
Homework due Wednesday, Quiz Friday.
Lecture & Readings: Began Cholesterol paper t
Bi212 lecture notes 14
Midterm to be returned in labs
Statistics lab this week
Goose paper today . Now you are reading primary literature, and in the self test/goose quiz you
BP lab this week, dress for it. Short sleeves for taking BP, whatever you want for
jumping jacks. Quizzes returned in labs
Finish movement across membranes
How stomata open and close
The Serna Paper (begun but not completed)
BOTH animal an
1) strand separation catalyzed by helicase; 2) complementary
base pairing aligns nucleotides; 3) DNA polymerase joins
*New strand grows in the 5 to 3 direction.
*Leading strand is synthesized continuously.
Bi211 L26 Human genetics, sex linkage
Graded homework due Friday 5pm.
Final exam Monday 8 December 5-7pm.
Bring a calculator (not a cell phone)
Locations: 156 Straub
Practice problems & review sheets available in "Exams
Next Monday: First Midterm Exam
As usual, Ill be in Hue112 10-1050 on Wednesday
Therapy for Kristine,
Light capture reactions
Carbon fixation reactions (Calvin cycle)
Bi211 Lecture 6 ATP&Enzymes
Graded homework today
Read text Ch9 for Monday
Bring textbook to lab next week.
Know material at the level I do in lecture unless
how enzymes work
Learning is done by