Inequality, American Exceptionalism, and Social Control
in the United States
Purpose of Punishment
o An eye for an eye, a life for a life
o Keeping offenders away from the community
o Making punishment swift, certain,
Rosenhan: The data speak to the massive role of labeling in psychiatric
assessment. Having once been labeled schizophrenic, there is nothing
the pseudopatient can do to overcome the tag.
Once youre labelled, you cannot escape the label because of
Labeling and Mental Illness
Thomas Scheff: Being Mentally Ill (1966)
1. Most mental illness involves residual rule breaking.
o Residual rule breaking = deviance for which there exists no other
category or name; no classification in societ