Notes Carboxylic Acids and Esters
Carboxylic acids and esters are like aldehydes and ketones in that they contain the carbonyl functional group. O O O
Carboxylic acids are the acids found in organ
Notes Unsaturated Hydrocarbons:
Alkenes, Alkynes and Aromatics
Saturated and Unsaturated Hydrocarbons:
You may have read the above title and asked yourself, unsaturated hydrocarbon, well what is a saturated hydrocarbon? Saturated refers to the number of a
Notes RNA and DNA
Background: In the 1950s, monumental race in the scientific community was run between to research groups striving for the same goal, determining the structure of DNA. Dr. Watson and Dr. Crick head a lab in England while Linus Pauling ran
Lipids are a group of molecules which include: fats, oils, waxes, phospholipids, steroids (like cholesterol), sphingolipids, and prostaglandins. The main purpose of lipids is to store energy. Other very important functions include: o padding
What must occur for a reaction to proceed?
Collision Theory: 1. Reactants must collide 2. Reactants must have enough energy 3. Reactants must hit with proper orientation Here is morbid example of collision theory. How do a train and school
Carbohydrates are normally the first classification of compounds to be discussed which fall within the realm of Biochemistry. All biological systems are run on chemical reactions: some are easy to see, such as the iron io
Notes Amino Acids and Proteins
Proteins are about 50% of the dry weight of most cells, and are the most structurally complex molecules known. Each type of protein has its own unique structure and function. Polymers are any kind of large molecules made of
Notes Amines and Amides
1 amine NH H 2 amine NR H 3 amine NR R Amide OH CNH
A point of concession from the IUPAC organization is that the most popular and useful nomenclature system for amines is not their own. Instead th
Notes Aldehydes and Ketones
The major similarity between an aldehyde and a ketone is the carbonyl group. A carbonyl group is a carbon atom doubly bonded to an oxygen atom.
Both molecules have a carbonyl group, the difference the number of carbons bond
Notes: Alcohols, Ethers, Phenols and Thiols
This set of notes discusses another set of related organic functional groups. The groups can be found attached to normal straight chain alkanes as well as unsaturated organics: alkenes, alkynes and aromatics. Th
CH 106 Homework #6 Reading: Chapter 17.1 17.6 Suggested extra problems: Chapter 17; 9-39, 57,60,61,62-65 Write and balance the chemical equation for the combustion of propane with oxygen.
How is the location of a double or triple bond in the longest conti
CH 106 Homework #5 Reading: Chapter 17.1 17.6 Suggested extra problems: Chapter 17; 9-39, 57,60,61,62-65 1. Draw these structures: 3-chlorohexanal pentanedial
2. Name the following using both the IUPAC and Common methods:
CH 105 Homework # 2 Read: 12.6 12.7, 13.1 13.5 Suggested extra problems from text: Chapter 12: 57, 58, 59 Chapter 13: 2 - 13 1. Define these terms; chiral, stereocenter and enantiomer.
2. What are the requirements for a compound to be considered ch