31. Angela unconsciously despises old people. Yet, she volunteers two days each week at a retirement home. This is a
classic case of
c. reaction formation.
Module 11.1 Th
76. All but which of the following serve as buffers against stress?
a. self-efficacy b.
social support c.
e. external locus of control
Module 10.1 Stress: What It Is and What It Does to the Body
7. Chan experiences emotional distress. Which psychological disorders might Chan most likely be experiencing?
a. anxiety and schizophrenia
b. schizophrenia and personality disorder
c. personality disorder and depression
d. depression and anxiety
125. Lawrence Kohlberg was interested in which aspect of development?
Module 9.4 Adolescence
EPCA.NEVI.2015.9.11 -Describe Kohlber
28. Emilio arrives at the movie theater planning to see a new thriller. When he gets there, he is surprised to see that a new
comedy that he has wanted to see is also playing. Based on this description, which type of conflict is he most likely
52. Regarding gender and behavioral responses to stress, which of the following statements is TRUE?
a. Under stress, women tend to be more nurturing while men tend to be more aggressive. b.
Under stress, men tend to be more nurturing while women tend to b
73. Hans Eysenck thought that personality differences result from _.
a. pervasive characteristics that influence a persons behavior in most situations
b. characteristics that influence behavior in some situations, but not others c.
characteristics that ca
e. none of the above; men at all ages are at greater risk
Module 10.2 Psychological Factors in Physical Illness
Coronary Heart Disease
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: EPCA.NEVI.2015.10.07 - Identify psychological factors linked to c
191. Summarize some of the cognitive and physical changes that occur during early and middle adulthood.
Most people attain their peak of physical and cognitive performance in their twenties.
Their memory and learni
61. Mahatma Gandhis lifelong commitment to non-violent solutions to social problems would likely be considered an
example of a(n)
Module 11.2 The Trait Perspective
137. In a cross-cultural study of moral reasoning in Americans and Indians reported in the text, which of the following
a. Neither Indians nor Americans placed much emphasis on justice or interpersonal responsibility; instead, they
40. If his development is normal, newborn baby Moses can be expected to do all but which of the following within his
first week of life?
a. Hear a variety of sounds and be particularly sensitive to sounds falling within the frequency of the human
153. Summarize five major theories of motivation.
One theory of motivation is instinct theory, which suggests that motivation merely
reflects innate tendencies. At one point, psychologists had compiled a list of over
10,000 instincts. This view ha
25. Maternal smoking is associated with increased risk in the offspring with all of the following EXCEPT
a. reduced attention span.
b. deformed extremities. c.
d. behavioral problems.
e. childhood asthma.
40. The key element in Type A behavior pattern that appears to account for the increased risk for health problems is a.
Module 10.1 Stress: What It Is and What
88. Lately when Richard is having sex, he has been having difficulty achieving an erection. When he does have an
erection, he often has trouble maintaining it. Richard most likely has which sexual dysfunction?
a. Lack of sexual desire b.
22. A strategy that prevents awareness of unacceptable desires is a
a. defense mechanism; ego
b. defense mechanism; id
, and the
makes use of such
c. defense mechanism; superego
d. fixation; ego
e. fixation; superego
121. Joan is a nurse who also helps provide care for her aging parents. Lately Joan has been feeling apathetic toward
her job. In addition, she has been having more headaches and sleep difficulties. Joans condition is best described as
97. Regarding cancer, which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. Each year more than one million Americans are diagnosed with cancer.
b. Cancer develops when cells lose their ability to correctly regulate growth. c.
Cancerous tumors can form in any bo
100. Complex feeling states having physiological, cognitive, and behavioral components are called a.
b. emotional intelligences.
d. need and drives.
Module 8.4 Emotions
What Are Emotions?
181. Wilfred was diagnosed with a terminal illness. He is beginning to feel a sense of loss and hopelessness. This is
characteristic of which stage of death and dying?
84. Amy teaches four-year-old preschool. After taking her college developmental psychology class, Amy determines
that the majority of her students will be dealing with which psychosocial crisis?
a. autonomy vs. shame and doubt
b. trust vs. mistrust
55. Regarding obesity, which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. Recently, rates of obesity have leveled off among U.S. men, but risen among U.S. women. b.
About two-thirds of the adult American population is overweight.
c. Obesity cuts life expectan
169. According to Erikson, psychosocial development in late adulthood centers on the crisis of a.
identity vs. role diffusion.
b. industry vs. inferiority.
c. intimacy vs. isolation.
d. ego integrity vs. despair.
e. generativity vs. stagnation.
d. accounting for individuality and consistency e.
Module 11.1 The Psychodynamic Perspective
EPCA.NEVI.2015.11.01 - Define the concept of personality.
58. Who studied the process of imprinting in geese and other species?
a. John Bowlby b.
c. Diana Baumrind
d. Konrad Lorenz e.
Module 9.3 Years of Discovery: Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Development in
107. According to Vygotsky, the optimal relationship between adult and child is a.
follower and leader.
b. supervisor and employee.
c. peer and peer.
d. parent and student.
e. tutor and student.
Module 9.3 Years of Discovery: Emotion
78. Other factors being equal, which child is at highest risk for negative outcomes in adolescence like poor school
performance and low self-confidence?
a. a boy raised by permissive parents
b. a girl raised by permissive parents
c. a boy raised by
109. All but which of the following are sexually transmitted diseases caused by viruses?
a. genital herpes
b. genital warts c.
Module 10.2 Psychological Factors in Physical Illness
Sexual Behavior an
133. The James-Lange theory of emotion suggests that emotions a.
cause bodily reactions.
b. come after bodily reactions.
c. are not related to bodily reactions.
d. occur simultaneously with bodily reactions.
e. involve arousal and labeling of its causes.
needs at each level in the hierarchy.
46. Maslow referred to the need to fulfill ones own unique potential as the need for
c. intrinsic motivation.
142. Empathy is most likely to play a role in which aspect of emotional intelligence?
a. Managing your emotions
b. Motivating yourself
c. Knowing your emotions
d. Delaying gratification
e. Recognizing emotions in others
Module 8.4 Em
19. Which of the following statements is the best description of the relationship between life events and health
a. There is no relationship between life events and health problems. b.
Life events increase health problems.
c. Health problems cau
160. Which of the following best describes Eriksons concept of stagnation?
Module 9.5 Early and Middle Adulthood