Power in Organizations
Power is `the capacity to influence people and
Power is a function of the person and the situation.
Power will change dramatically as a function of the
Organizational culture is the shared values (i.e. what is important; see
Chapter 20, this volume) and beliefs (i.e. how things work) that interact
with an organizations processes, structures, a
Individual and Organizational
Performance: Luck and skill
Can you identify skill?
We dont see skill; we see indications of skill like
winning or losing, meeting a standard, attaining a goal,
passing a test, and so on.
National Culture and Global Management
History of National Culture Research in OB
Study of culture has a long and rich history.
Primarily ethnomethodological. Anthropologists
immersing themselves to understand culture.
Hofstede does a
Working in Teams
What do we know from Arctic Survival?
Groups can do better than best individual (1
group), worse than best individual (10
groups. Most groups do better than average
Group 2 was better than even the
Motivation and Behavior
Goals of a Motivational System
Attracting and Holding People
Obtaining Dependable Role Performance
Obtaining Innovation and Spontaneous Behavior:
cooperation, ideas, protecting organization, trainin
Compensation and Motivation
Two principles today
Pay for performance
Apply classic concept from psychology and economics in a work
Challenge is to find ways to make it work and avoid unintended
consequences or seri
Work Attitudes and Behavior
Evaluative statements favorable or
unfavorable about objects,
people, or events; reflect how one
feels about something
Affective - feelings
Behavioral - a
Doing Research in Organizations
Chapters 1 and 3
Value of Research for Managers - OB versus Common
Sample Problem Apply scientific method to an OB
question. Does brainstorming lead to more idea
Personality and Values
Identify the Big Five personality variables & their
relationship to behavior in organizations
Select on Conscientiousness and Emotional Stability
Describe the impact of job typology on the
Perception and Performance Appraisal
Perception - the process through which people select, organize, and
- active processing of sensory inputs
Social Perception - the process of combining, integr
Introduction to Organizational
Goals for Today
Define Organizational Behavior (OB).
Explain the value of the systematic study of
Identify the contributions made to OB by major
behavioral science discipl
Learning and Training
Some Basic Distinctions
Who pays for training? Who owns the training you get?
General purpose skills versus
Firm specific skills?
Portability of training. Can you take your training with you?
Do you buy skills on
Basic Motivation Concepts, Goal Setting
Introduction to Organizational Behavior
Outline the basic motivation process
Contrast Theory X and Theory Y
Clarify the key relationships in expectancy theory
Hourly 1 Answer Key
311, Section C, Spring 2012
1. At IDEO, brainstorming has multiple functions, only one of which is generating ideas. Identify 3 other
functions (3 points) brainstorming provides. For each of