1900 - 1967
Went to a trade school for engineering
Interested in the visualization of music
Fischinger gave a lecture for a literary club around
Early Sound Studio Cartoons
o 1883 1972
o 1894 1979
Their studio was founded in 1921 as Inkwell Studios located at 1600
Broadway, New York City, New York.
Saw King Kong in 1933
Met Willis O'Brien's who got him his first job on George Pl's Puppetoons
During World War II, Harryhausen was employed by the Army Motion
Picture Unit, (w
"We allow no geniuses around our Studio."
o U.S. cartoons from the 1930s and 1940s often featured characters in
blackface gags as well as other racial and ethnic caricatures.
o Blackface w
John Hubley (1914-1977)
Faith Hubley (1924-2001)
John Hubley began his career at Disney
He was art director on Fantasia ("Rite of Spring), Dumbo, and Bambi.
He quit the studio during the 1941 strike, and moved
Emergence of Animation as Theatrical Form Notes
o McCay went to Chicago to go to the Art Institute but didnt have the
money to continue.
o He got a job in Cincinnati, Ohio working as an artist for Kohl and
Middleton's Vine Street
By WWII animation was widely used for propaganda
Watch: Ductators, excerpt
o George Pal (Puppetoons) and his wife Czoka fled Holland as the Nazis
were invading Europe. One of his first American fil
Early examples of trying to capture motion in drawing.
Cave painting in Lascaux, France 30,000 BC. Showing animals in motion.
Egyptian burial chamber mural, approx 2000 BC, showing wrestlers
Rise of Studio Animation Notes
In 1914 Earl Hurd, an animator who worked for Bray invented acetate for
o Laid over a fixed background it revolutionized the industry making it
no longer necessary to dr
Born in Stirling, Scotland, Studied set design at Glasgow School of Art.
His interest in filmmaking began early after he became acquainted with
works by Russian filmmakers Eisenstein and