1) Bentham states that pain and pleasure govern all human actions. I agree with this
argument because although human beings have a tendency to desire to see the good in
human race, we are inherently selfish beings. It is a
1. According to Aristotle, the good is the ultimate goal of every action and choice made
by a person. It must be constantly sought after and differs in every area of life (health,
education, actions, etc.). The g
1. What are the starting presuppositions of the principle of double effect?
There is a morally significant difference between intending and permitting evil
One cannot defend morally the idea that evil means can be used to achieve a good end
2. According t
1. You should be familiar with the provisions of the Nuremberg Code and the Helsinki
Nuremburg Code: code for proper research ethics
o Prisoners, children, and mental institution patients cannot be research subjects
o Research has to be appro
1. It is sometimes said that the distinction between ordinary versus extraordinary treatment
is not a distinction that can be made on medical grounds alone. Upon what other grounds
might one distinguish between ordinary and extraordinary treatment.
1. Why did Rawls believe that utilitarianism fails as a theory of justice? What is the
relevance of Rawls critique of utilitarianism to debates about access to health care?
Utilitarianism focuses on the general welfare and it leads to the neglect
1. Explain Rachels argument that theres no moral difference between active and passive
Main Argument: theres no moral difference between active and passive euthanasia
1. Letting die is equal to active euthanasia if not worse
a. Ex: down syndro