2016 HOPE BOBCAT FOOTBALL SCHEDULE
Due: 30 November 2015
CAREERS IN BIOLOGY ASSIGNMENT
For this assignment, you will explore the career options available within the field of biology. This assignment is
designed to get you thinking about these options in a more concrete, informed
Biology of Animals Lab
15 February 2016
Schistosomiasis is more commonly known as snail fever or Katayama fever. It has affected
almost 210 million people worldwide, coming in as the second most devastating par
Biology of Animals Lab
15 September 2015
The Beef Tapeworm
Taeniarhynchus saginatus is more commonly known as the beef tapeworm. It comes from the
species saginatus and can cause Taeniasis in humans. Taeniasis is usually asym
1. Integumentary system skin
i. Barrier from all environmental concerns
1. Dessification drying out
2. Bacteria, viruses, protozoans, arthropods, etc.
3. Chemical injury; poisons
4. Salt entering system
5. Plant and animal poisons
1. Biological Species Content: species identified by reproductive isolation and (in)ability to
reproduce with each other.
a. Can reproduce (same species)
b. Cant reproduce (different species)
c. Horse and Donkey can reproduce, but their offspring cant rep
1. Porifera: Sponges
a. Sexual Reproduction
i. Monoecious (male & female sex cells in one body)
ii. Viviparous (Zyogte retained w/in parent and given nourishment until
released as a ciliated larva)
1. Few are oviparous; (release sperm and oocytes into wat
2 February 2016
Amoebiasis Entamoeba histolytica
The protozoan called Entamoeba histolytica are amoebas that cause the infection
amoebiasis or entamoebiasis. These protozoans primarily effect humans and other primates. E
1) Previous Lecture: Information contrasted in the Bible, Darwins 4 Postulates, etc.
Evidence for the Theory of Evolution
2) Direct observation on a small scale, especially as a result of artificial breeding.
a) Ex.) Cauliflower, Broccoli, Brussels sprout
Intro Biology - Test Essay Questions
Please formulate an answer, in outline format where possible, to the following questions using the
material presented in lecture, lab and the assigned readings.
1) Describe the three inferences based on five observatio
Thursday, October 11, 2007
Secreted proteins around blood vessels(caps) that regulate what goes in and out
Tight epithelials to monitor what passes
Most pronounced in blood brain barrier
Smooth muscle vein smaller than artery
Guest Lecture 11/30 Mood Disorders
1) Grief is a normal, healthy, and essential process. It is a natural healing state, especially when
dealing with a loss.
a) If this persists though, the probability of that person developing illnesses is greatly
Lecture 39 Avian Flu II
1) Dengue - sustained transmission among humans is aided by a vector (ie. Mosquito) which
helps transmit the virus
2) Gold mining miners dig pits, which are good habitats for mosquitoes high density of
humans and mosquitoes in the
1) Dispersal is key for plants because they are stationary and they dont want to compete in the
2) Fleshy fruits are eaten by dispersers (reward) and does not support the embryo (seed).
3) Plants must defend themselves against enemi
1) How to get from aquatic green algae to land plant?
a) Regional specialization and transport to connect regions
b) Water conservation and gas exchange
c) Support on a terrestrial habitat
d) Reproduction and dispersal
2) In water, the whole pl
1) Rubisco A large, slow enzyme which bind both carbon dioxide and oxygen
a) Very slow, very inefficient. Turnover is about 2 or 3 enzymes per second (other enzymes
work about 1,000 to 25,000 per second)
b) It is very non-specific, it even bind
1) Photosynthesis in green plants (leaf)
2) Photosystem contains clusters of pigment molecules (chlorophyll A + B, corotinoids)
a) Light hits these and is absorbed, initiates light reactions, giving rises to chemical energy
(ATP and PTH) which
Lecture 26 + 27
1) Age Specific Birth Rates Multiply the initial amount by death rate and so on.
a) Reproductive rates vary among age classes
b) Age structure population tree Italy has a relatively uniform. U.S. is also relatively
stable, has a bulge with
1) At the poles, photosynthesis is dictated by the daylength growing period is only two
a) At the equator, daylength its regular, so organisms depend on things other than daylength,
2) North vs. South facing slopes dif
1) Requirements for Pathogenesis (*See Slide)
a) Proliferation in host some bacteria are only able to proliferate n certain bacteria types.
b) Transmission If the bacteria wants to survive pasts its hosts lifetime, it must be
transmitted to ano
1) 1953 Stanley Miller Experiment to test that complex molecules could be formed
spontaneously like in the early Earth. Nothing happened at first, but when he introduced an
electrode, he found that after a week the liquid was a deep red, and th
1) Amphibians, including salamanders, are NOT amniotes. They produce eggs externally, in the
water, not an egg-shelled terrestrial egg.
2) Apes are referred to hominoids, then species that are more closely related to humans then
chimps (after t
1) Amniotes are a monophyletic group the amniotic egg only evolved once.
a) Reptilia is paraphyletic if it doesnt include birds but birds have descended from
b) Turtles are still in dispute over whether they are reptilia or n
1) Chordate Differences (four)
a) Notochord- fluid filled cells in fibrous tissue- support
i) Mineralized skeletal structure in most except two
b) Dorsal nervecord Hollow because of folding of ectoderm
c) Pharyngeal slits (clefts if not fully formed) in p
1) Armbrusters Work All on the Asian Tiger Fly
a) They produce aquatic larvae, which undergo ecdysis, develop into pupae, and complete
b) Invaded from Japan via a shipment in 1985. How do the Florida populations evolve to
1) Ecdysis has evolved once for the molecular tree, twice for the morphological tree.
2) Spiders, centipedes, and millipedes are NOT insects. Insects have only 3 pairs of legs.
3) Insects are by far the most diverse group, over 1.6 million spec
1) Major splits along the phylogenic tree:
a) Parazoa (No true tissue) vs. Eumetazoa (True Tissue) True tissue is an integrated
group of cells with common structure or function. In parazoa, cells can reaggregate and
form a new sponge, so no tru
1) How do we go from a simple eukaryote to a complex mouse?
a) Heterotrophic Consuming other organisms, helpful to have muscles and nerve cells and
b) Mouse is made up of billions of cells with specialized function.