Chapter 4: Consciousness
1. When we say that we are conscious of seeing something or hearing a sound, we are
referring to consciousness as
a. a stream of thought.
b. a metaphysical concept.
c. stream of sensorium.
Chapter 6: Memory: Remembrance of Things Past-and Future
1. George Miller found that the average person is able to keep about _ digits in mind at a
REF: Kinds of Memory
The Plural Executive
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'35 25 53)
Unlike the president of the United States, the governor of
Texas does not appoint a cabinet. Voters in Texas elect
the lieutenant governor and other major statewide offices
in separate electio
WHO ARE TEXANS? who
Who Elected Governor Greg Abbott
Greg Abbotts support was widespread across the state. He had decisive support in non-border rural counties.
Although not winning in all, he polled well in most urban counties. He received surpr
George W Bush was governor
of Texas from I 995 until he was
elected president of the United
States in 2000. Here, Bush is
seen campaigning for re-election
as governor in 1998. Like Rick
Perry, Bush was able to achieve
a number of his political goals
number of separately elected ofcials, all of whom are elected by and responsible
to the people as a whole. This plural executive has important implications for
democratic life in the Lone Star State.
Although the governor of Texas is the most visible stat
committees and to appoint committee members and chairs of the committees. The
Senate rules, and not just the Texas Constitution, make the lieutenant governor
one of the most powerful political leaders in the state. New Senate rules passed
by a future Sena
than the $20 earned as lieutenant governor. (However, a governor who is absent
from the state still earns the same daily salary.)
When out of the state, the governor is legally entitled to Department of Public
Safety protection. George W Bush spent part
Special Sessions Special sessions of the Texas legislature are called by the gov-
ernor, last for no more than 30 days, and may consider only those items placed on
the agenda by the governor. Special sessions are called to address critical problems
veto the governors power to
turn down legislation; can be
overridden by a two-thirds vote of
both the House and Senate
post-adiournment veto a
veto of a bill that occurs after
the legislature adjourns, thus
preventing the legislature from
All debt and Uniform Commercial Code lings are placed with the secretary of
states ofce. When any individual borrows money from a nancial institution, a
copy of the loan agreement is placed in the secretary of states ofce.
The Governors Appointment Power
The following are examples of some of the entities in Texas, in just four policy areas,
where the governor has the power to appoint members. This power can provide the
governor with significant power over policy in these
bers. One member is appointed by the lieutenant governor, one by the presiding
ofcer of the house committee with primary jurisdiction over energy resources,
one by the lieutenant governor from the academic eld of geology or economics,
one by the Speaker o
Public debates give Texans the
chance to see gubernatorial
candidates face off over
hey campaign issues. In
September 2014, Wendy Davis
and Greg Abbott held their rst
debate in Edinburg in the Rio
impeachment, the trial takes place in the T
Appointment Controversies A governor, however, must exert some care in ap-
pointments. Failure to appoint responsible individuals can lead to serious political
problems. In 2007 there was a scandal within the Texas Youth Commission, which
has authority ov
George W Bush was the second Republican elected governor and
the rst individual elected for two consecutive four-year terms.
Access to money is important because running for governor is
inordinately expensive. A campaign for the governorship can cost
State Executive Ofceholders, 2015
Governor Greg Abbott (R)
Lieutenant governor Dan Patrick (R)
Attorney general ' Ken Paxton (R)
Comptroller of Public Accounts Glenn Hagar (R)
Commissioner of the General Land Ofce George P
or her personal touch might make a difference in the outcome of legislation. For
each bill that passes the legislature, a staff member prepares a summary of the bill
with a recommendation that the governor sign or veto the bill.
Recent governors have used
plural executive an executive
branch in which power is
fragmented because the election
of statewide ofceholders is
independent of the election of
As governor, he had a dynamic personality, whereas Briscoe was more retiring in
Campaign Contributions in 2010 and the Plural Executive
LDSING CONTRIBUTlONS WINNING CONTRIBUTIONS
OFFICE CANDlDATE TO LOSER ($) CANDIDATE TO WINNER (35)
Governor B. White (D) . $26,291,535 R. Perry (R) $39,328, 540
Lieutenant governor L. Chav
Chapter 7: Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
1. The mental activity involved in understanding, processing, and communicating information is
MSC: TYPE: Factual
Chapter 5: Learning
1. According to behaviorists, _ is any relatively permanent change in an organisms
behavior that occurs because of experience.
b. higher-order conditioning
Chapter 2: Biology and Psychology
1. Which of the following would not be possible without the functioning of the nervous system?
a. ideals, thoughts, and plans
c. behaviors, emotions, and cognitions
b. imagery and cognitions
d. all of thes
Chapter 3: Sensation and Perception
1. _is stimulation of the sense receptors; perception is an inner representation
of the world.
REF: Sensation and Perception
Chapter 11: Stress, Health, and Coping
1. _ is a demand made on an organism to adapt, cope, or adjust.
d. Cognitive dissonance
REF: Stress: What It Is, Where It Comes From
MSC: TYPE: Factu
Chapter 10: Personality: Theory and Measurement
1. Reasonably stable patterns of actions, feelings, and motives are referred to as
MSC: TYPE: Factual
Chapter 13: Methods of Therapy
1. In psychotherapy, _ in systematic interaction that applies psychological principles
in order to help the patient overcome psychological disorders.
a. heredity and environment engage
c. therapist and client
Chapter 9: The Voyage Through the Life Span
1. What is a fertilized egg cell called?
d. none of these
REF: Prenatal Development
MSC: TYPE: Factual
2. The zygote journeys to the uterus, where
Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders
1. Which of the following is a factor that determines whether or not a behavior or feeling is
evidence of a psychological disorder?
a. Whether the behavior or feeling is pleasant.
b. Whether the behavior
Chapter 8: Motivation and Emotion
1. Motives activate behavior and propel the organism
a. to flee.
c. toward goals.
b. to respond.
d. to drives.
REF: The Psychology of Motivation
MSC: TYPE: Factual
2. The study of moti