Comparable Worth Paper
The Necessity of Comparable Worth
Comparable Worth has only recently entered into economic and judicial debates.
The policy urges to change the current social and economic standards through a revision
of what is truly
7. Joans Williams argument:
Change from status to affectlanguage about why women stay at home nd why men
work has changed
Before men were entitled to womens services (marriage contract)
Women also inferior and need to have control of them
5. What is the Cult of Domesticity? Explain Todorovas argument.
Ideology to justify why wives and women are confined to one sphere
o True womenspent time raising children and managing a household
Displayed religious piety, sexual purity
5. Why are feminist economists concerned with gender, race and class
Class and race must also be incorporated
o Diversity of womens experiences cannot be captured by looking only at
Must also think about class and race
o Upper class women may be
The data that was compiled in the study, Behind the Pay Gap, can be analyzed
through a neoclassical lens. When approached with this perspective, the authors and
scientists behind the study have a small feminist bias. Behind the P
Definition and Methodology of Economics
1. The importance of social and historical influences on economics:
Economics is about discovering laws of operation of the economy (based off
There is no scarcity in certain objects, bu
What is the Veblin dichotomy?
2 aspects of human/human behavior
o Instrumental: come from instincts ( workmanship, parental bent, idle
Enhance wellbeing of community through productive work
o Ceremonial behaviors: stem from b
Gary Beckers human capital theory. Comparative advantage, gains from
specialization, human capital investments, etc. policy implications
1. BeckerTreatise on the FamilyBasic Assumptions
a. Family is a unit whose adult members make informe
Political economys approach to discrimination: organizational adaptation, role of
economic incentives, positive feedback mechanism.
a) Context: past shape the present, but the future can be different from the present
a. Labor market discr
10. Womens attachment to the labor force
From working girls to working moms
Used to have an M shaped work pattern
Now it is a more constant curve
Education level is an important determinant of labor supply
If married, women with children
Labor market outcomes and Discrimination: Political Economy
Wage determination in political economy models. Labour theory of value; role of
institutions, segmented labour markets
a) Four Cs of P.E
a. Context: social, historical, cultural.
Wage differences due to productivity hence related to investments in human capital
(both general and firm specific).
a) Firms will invest in the human capital of their employees if they are expected to
stay with the firm longer.
Feminist critiques of Beckers theory: altruistic head of household, nuclear family,
conflict vs. harmony, etc. Policy Implications
1. Feminist critiques
a. Economic considerations present in marriage
a.i. But Becker takes it too far
Labor Market Outcomes and Discrimination: Neoclassical
Neoclassical view of wage determination. Supply, demand and equilibrium.
Productivity and the labour leisure trade-off.
a) DiscriminationAdverse treatment based on one or more definin