An Assessment of Emotion by Shaffer
*This piece is a general criticism of emotions
To begin with he says an emotion stems from
o Environment belief/desire sensation/behavior (emotion)
Similar to marks theory except that Marks says Belief/desire= is
Embodied Emotions: in Thinking about feelings: Contemporary philosophers on
emotions By Jesse J. Prinz
Prinz identified himself as a Neo-Jamesian
Emotions are embodied appraisals
o Emotions have representational content and core relational themes are
& Greenspans as well as other authors in the past
Mind (Standard Account)
o Presents the idea of comfort/discomfort at the thought and this being
Emotional Review Peter Goldie notes
Access consciousness- intentionality= divide into cognition and conation.
Phenomenal consciousnesso What is felt
Pg. 233 Then there would indeed be a fundamental divide between cognition and
feeling, for perception and
Damasios view on Emotion
Traditional view of emotions is that they stem from the limbic system.
o The cortex houses all of the subcortical part of the brain.
The Cortex therefore is where higher reasoning takes place.
Emotions occur then in the limbic s
Emotions and Choice Robert C. Solomon
Solomon claims that an emotion is a judgment.
He criticizes James with the idea of emotions being sensations
o Solomon is suggesting that are emotions are rational and purposive, not
irrational and disruptive. Emotion
The Science of Emotion:
What People Believe, What the Evidence Shows, and Where to Go From
Lisa Feldman Barrett notes
Emotions are natural and things to be discovered by us.
Common Sense view:
o Emotions are caused in us but happen automatically
Startle Jenefer Robinson Notes
Robinson is trying to argue that Startle is an emotion; emotions dont have to
One question is why does Robinson think Startle is in an emotion?
o Startle deserves to be treated as an emotional or proto-emo
Mind Association Notes
Mental states are broken into three groups
Where do the emotions fit in?
o The emotion is the feeling our bodily response.
o There is always a sensation with a felt emotion.
o If we take
The Stoics on the Extirpation of Passions
The stoics believe we need to rid ourselves of the idea of emotions because
desires come from ascent meaning or judgments.
Emotions and desires are made on the basis of a certain understanding of the
Pivotal Distinctions Gordon notes
As well as diagram for other philosophers that define emotions
Diagram for other philosophers.
causing physical changes
the feeling of
bodily sensations is the emotion.
Joel Marks A Theory of Emotion
Emotionality- a mental state being an emotion
o James vs. Solomon vs. Marks
James- emotions are bodily sensations in response to physiological
changes, which were in response to environment.
Solomon- emotions are judgments
What is an emotion? By Roberts C. Roberts notes
A construal- way of understanding
Concern- desire + aversion based construal.
Emotion then is
o Verisimilar concern-based construal that have the look at the truth whether
or not they are the truth or not.