Chapter 4 Study Questions
Define direct calorimetry and indirect calorimetry and describe how they are used to
measure energy expenditure.
- Direct Calorimetry is a method that gauges the bodys rate and quantity of
energy production by direct measureme
Chapter 7 Questions
Describe how heart rate, stroke volume, and cardiac output respond to
increasing rates of work. Illustrate how these three variables are interrelated.
- As exercise begins, HR increases directly proportional to the increase in
Chapter 8: Principles of Exercise Training
1. Repetition maximum- the maximal amount of weight that can be lifted just one
2.Aerobic power- another name for maximal oxygen uptake VO2max
3.Anaerobic Power- mean or peak power output in exercise lasting
Chapter 16 Notes
Children and Adolescents in Sport and Exercise
Should children lift weights?
Should children run distance races?
Growth - an increase in the size of the body and/or of its parts
Development the differentiation of cells along s
Chapter 7: Cardiorespiratory Responses to Acute Exercise
- Afterload- pressure against which the heart must pump blood, determined by
the peripheral resistance in the large arteries
- Anaerobic Threshold- point at which the metabolic demands of exercise c
Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Basal metabolic rate (BMR)- The lowest rate of body metabolism (energy use)
that can sustain life, measured after an overnight sleep in a laboratory under
optimal conditions of quiet, rest, and relaxation and after a 12 hour fast.
Chapter 2: Fuel for Exercising Muscle, Metabolism and Hormonal Control
- Metabolism and Bioenergetics
- all energy originates from the sun as light energy
- nutrients ingested from foods are stored as carbs, fats and proteins
- energy substrates that can
Chapter 2 Study Questions
What is ATP and how is it of importance in metabolism?
a. ATP or adenosine triphosphate is a high-energy phosphate compound from
which the body derives energy
b. food is not used directly for cellular operations, the energy in
Chapter 2 Key Terms
acetyl coenzyme A- compound that forms common entry point into Krebs cycle
for oxidation of carbs and fat
adenosine diphosphate- high-energy phosphate compound from which ATP is
adrenaline- chemical compound that serves
Chapter 15 Notes
Ergogenic Aids and Sport
Ergogenic aid any substance or phenomenon that enhances
Ergolytic agent any substance or phenomenon that has detrimental
effects on performance
Placebo effect an effect produced by the subjects expecta