Society is organized by terms of association by which all are boundDemocrats state that only
the people have a right to rule over the society (31).
Individual citizens preferences are formed in society as a result of social interaction they have
A test of right and wrong must be the means, one would think, of ascertaining what is right or wrong, and not a
consequence of having already ascertained it. 2
But both hold equally that morality must be deduced from principles; and th
The substitutive satisfactions, as offered by art, are illusions in contrast with reality, but they are
none the less psychically effective, thanks to the role which fantasy has assumed in mental life.
They strive after happiness; they wan
As may be supposed, innateness is only attributed to the first, most extreme, class of
inverts, and the evidence for it rests upon assurance given by them that no time in their
lives has their sexual instinct shown any sign of taking another course. 5
Swartz, E. (2009). Diversity: Gatekeeping Knowledge and Maintaining Inequalities. Review of
Educational Research, 79(2), 1044-1083.Retrieved July 29, 2011, from Research Library.
(Document ID: 1740241271).
By this article, Swartz attempts to show us how a
20th Century Continental Philosophy
Iranian/Persian: Distinguishable Fields of Knowledge
In Discipline and Punish, Michael Foucault argues "The power of the Norm appears
through the disciplines" (196, Foucault).1 In
Each inmate is alone, shut off from effective communication with his
fellows, but constantly visible from the tower. The effect of this is "to induce
in the inmate a state of conscious and permanent visibility that assures the
automatic fiinctioning of po
Notes: Foucault, Bartky, Marriott
From "Docile Bodies": Foucault, Michel, and Paul Rabinow. "Docile Bodies." The
Foucault Reader. New York: Pantheon, 1984. 179-87. Print.
By the late eighteenth century, the soldier has become something that can be made;
Discipline "makes" individuals; it is the specific technique of a power that regards
individuals both as objects and as instruments of its exercise (188)
These mechanisms can only be seen as unimportant if one forgets the role of this
20th century Continental Philosophy
The constitution of subjectivity-the possibility of self conscious agency-or the
formation of subjective identity: according to modernist-liberal humanist position-the
subject is considered an individual ; indivi
Value Theory Notes
Ethics: can be a kind of knowledge; is it something we can know
Moore: value of an object is what one grasps rationality; moral quality; goodness of
something through sensory perception, emotion;
Truth of a good through int