Q. 85, a. 2: Is the Intelligible Species That Which is Understood or That By Which Something is
This is an enormously important question, because failure to understand this distinction
led to many difficulties and impasses in modern philos
Anslem (1033-1109) & Early Medieval Thought
His career as a Microcosm of the Medieval Intellectual: Born in Aosta, Italy; Abbot of the
Abbey of Bec, Normandy; Archbishop of Canterbury in England.
His thought an example of the importance of logic in medi
Logic and Medieval Philosophy
The Importance of Logic for Medieval Thought
The beginnings of the science of logic: Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) and the Stoics.
Use of logic becomes prominent later in the Scholastic Method.
The Problem of Universals
Augustines City of God (De civitate dei)
The Sack of Rome in A.D. 410 by the Goths is the occasion for writing this work.
Some blamed the sack of Rome on the abandonment of the old pagan gods.
Augustine counters: we must distinguish earthly cities (the
Thomas Aquinas: Treatise on Man (QQ. 75-89)
The human being is essential amphibious: that is, he or she is partly in the material
world and partly in the spiritual world. As such, the human being is a being of the
What are some of the mai
Aquinas on Free Will & The Virtues
Like all Christian thinkers, Aquinas asserts that we have free will. He does, however, have
unique arguments to demonstrate the reality of free will and its nature.
Without free will, then we could not have virtue. Vir
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (A.D. c.480-524)
His life & career: called the last of the Romans
His philosophical project: to translate all the works of Plato and Aristotle from Greek into
Latin. He was only able to translate Aristotles logical wor