As a result of the Peloponnesian, Athens, the former leading power had lost its
status. There was uneasiness and unhappiness there, and the tendency to accuse was high.
Socrates is implicated, he is in the public mind associated with bad. Sparta had
On the third day you shall return home Socrates dream, is he thinking of an afterlife? Is
there a transcendent place where we maintain our being? Socrates does believe he
belongs to a reality that transcends temporal reality, but we dont understand
We are limited as humans because of our imperfect human perspective only
dealing with appearances
Even our reason only takes hold of the world as we know it
Cant make absolute statements about what happens after death. The myth is
needed to express a hop
The issue in the Phaedo is the nature and good of human beings. The argument is
that our existence, temporal, has ground and measure in atemporal beyond/reality
that transcends time.
The bible also argues that humans have ground and measure in God, but g
Theism and Atheism 8-28-13
Humanities course Religious Studies course introductory course
What do humans make? Natural sciences is nature, humanities is everything else.
Products of human beings studied in history (differences across time and space), soci
We are not free to do anything we want to
Absolute command against suicide
Only life worth living where, I can imagine situation where I could see necessity
of sacrificing myself. Suicide and self sacrifice, very different. Self Sacrifice is
If you love God and God loves you, you dont even think of sinning.
Eckhard quote I do it because I do it as opposed to I do it because I will it. The word
will invokes the idea of reflection, of reasoning. I do it because I do it is refusing to
In little ways, we often do things that we know are wrong. Why? Our age gives a lot of
occasions in every day life to see in the behavior of the neighbors a kind of inexplicable
disregard of what would be considered ethical behavior.
Kierkegaard was a sli
Socrates The Apology (charges of Meletus)
1. Socrates is guilty of corrupting the youth
2. Socrates does not believe in the gods
3. Socrates believes in new deities
He does believe in the gods as not one of his accusers believes in him. He is saying he is
Christian duty to love every human being.
Love focused on one person?
Clarify topic, first define love
There is a Christian command to love translation, distinction betwee caritas (Christian
And sexually based love, question is what is relationship?
Kant thinks that freedom makes sense only, distinguished from spontaneity. Do you think
that determinism is more compatible with freedom than indeterminism. First step to
freedom is every free act is done for a reason. Why did you do what you were doing?
Bentham 1-32, 70-151
Benthams intuition is on the side of womens suffrage.
1st of all utility in first person sense I want to do what I find to be in my interest
and avoid what I take to be not in my interest. Spelled out in terms of pleasure and
Introduction to Ethics
Books [available through Labyrinth Books]
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism (U) (in Utilitarianism and Some Other
Immanuel Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals