160.Insulin is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland to increase blood sugar.
Chapter 3 Key
What is the relationship between a nerve and a neuron?
A. Nerves are part of the sympathetic system; neurons are part of the parasympath
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When a neuron is at its resting state, what is the status of sodium ions?
A. There are no sodium ions present at all.
B. They are not let into the neuron.
C. All the sodium has been co
3. The nucleus of a neuron is located in the
A. axon hillock.
B. terminal stub.
C. cell body.
4. A _ is a bundle of many long neurons that are located outside of the brain and spinal cord.
B. node of Ranvier
C. synaptic cleft
Which of the following is true regarding the right hemisphere's role in emotion?
A. It can only detect emotional meaning.
B. It is more involved in processing positive emotions.
C. It has trouble understanding the meaning of emotion.
D. It do
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A nonhuman animal experiment meets the condition of necessity when
A. the original owners of the animals provide their informed consent for the study to begin.
B. the research can signifi
Under what condition does an action potential occur?
A. a large polarization of the neuron
B. when sodium ions leave the neuron
C. a strong depolarization of the cell membrane
D. when a neurotransmitter enters the myelin sheath
What do the survey technique and naturalistic observation have in common?
A. They are both descriptive research methods.
B. They are both experimental research methods.
C. They both produce predictive regression coefficients.
A researcher wants to study the relationship between lifespan and cigarette smoking. For this
study, he cannot ethically manipulate people to smoke cigarettes, so the researcher must rely
on a correlational study. Based on the correlational ap
A person is having trouble with reflexive movements of the eyes and postural reflexes. In which
area of the brain would you suspect an injury?
A. limbic system
C. cerebral cortex
Lahey - Cha
Insulin is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland to increase blood sugar.
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Chapter 3 Summary
# of Questions
Dr. X required all of his students, without exception, to participate in an experiment for part of
their course grade. What is true regarding Dr. X's use of the ethical principles of human
A. He does not need to use informed cons
The division of the peripheral nervous system that plays a significant role in motivation and
emotion is the
A. autonomic division.
B. somatic division.
C. central division.
D. association cortex.
Lahey - Chapter 03
Which brain area is most directly linked to the functions of the autonomic nervous system?
C. corpus callosum
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Body temperature, sl
147.Practical significance is the same thing as statistical significance.
148.Researchers are free to publish the identity of research participants who were studied using the
149.Under certain conditions, deception c
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In a blind experiment, the participants do not know
A. the hypothesis.
B. the dependent variable.
C. which level of the independent variable they received.
D. which level of the dependent variable they
If you are doing research on how a patient reacts to a treatment in different settings, you are
A. clinical research.
B. observational research.
C. correlational research.
D. descriptive research.
Rather than recording data from a study that is linked to the participant's names, the
researchers arranged to give each participant a random number. Only the participant knows his
or her random number, and these numbers are
It is _ neurons that carry the electrochemical messages from the body to the central
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Input is to output as
The area critical for processing visual information is the
A. parietal lobe.
B. occipital lobe.
C. frontal lobe.
D. cerebellar cortex.
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Expressive aphasia is a disorder found
G.E. Moore (1903) in Principia Ethica described earlier by Hume
Naturalism does not provide any logical reason for any ethical
Theory of Evolution helps describe what is but not what ought
Ex: -Survival of
How rational are you?
We are not as smart as we think. We are just limited and biased
Daniel Kahneman received a Nobel Prize
Currently 119,490 US patients are waitlisted for an organ
Every day over 18 people die waiting
One organ donor can save up
Evolutionary psychology- the brain, the mind, and behavior are products of
evolution and natural selection
Not under scientific debate
Wired to take care of the young
Variation: individuals within a population vary
Overt Discrimination- straight up discrimination
Mel Gibson was caught with anti-Semitic words
Practically every demographic, every group, suffers some form of discrimination,
prejudice, and stereotyping.
Aversive Discrimination- big problem occu
William James 18 yr old, left Harvard medical in 1860 to travel Europe & learns about new
science called, psychology (Soul + Study), wrote The Principles of Psychology, William
Psychology- Scientific study of mind and behavior
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The two halves of the cerebral cortex are called cerebral
C. association areas.
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Without random assignment, a formal experiment is invalid.
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The experimenter controls the quantitative value of the dependent variable.
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In the endocrine system, neuropeptides are secreted into the _ and hormones are
secreted into the _.
A. bloodstream; bloodstream
B. bloodstream; synapse
C. synapse; synapse
D. synapse; bloodstream
If the experimenter treats the experimental group differently than the control group, the
experimental group might behave differently. This unwanted effect is called
A. experimental bias.
B. manipulation checks.
C. random sample.
D. placebo ef
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The parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system generally calms the internal
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