Today: Salient differences between Plantingas and Wykstras treatments
Next Week: Animal suffering
Plantinga on the probabilistic argument
[See handout for an excerpt from Plantingas Warranted Christian Belief, pp. 484-85.]
Plantingas unfair demands on the
On the paper proposal: You could just use the proposal as a trial balloon. But KDR should be
available over the break for asking questions about it in advance.
The critique of theodicy
Matt: To what extent do Trakakiss arguments rest on the falsity of the
Problems of Evil
Two sets of varieties of the problem of evil, which cut across each other
Abstract vs. concrete
The existence of hell might count as a special area of the concrete problem.
Likewise the problem of horrendous evils
Likewise natural evilses
Announcement for anyone into skeptical theism: a helpful new Stanford Encyclopedia of
Philosophy piece has been put up.
Google Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (a good general source of information); find
Trent Doughertys Skeptical Theism."
Doughertys essay is good for getting at what KDR thinks of as the intuitively powerful version of
the problem of evil.
Today: the needed philosophical and linguistic background for the central issues at stake here.
There couldnt be a reason for this evil,
McCann on providence
[YouTube video of Hugh McCann on God being sovereign: even the sale of
children into sex slavery, he says, is part of Gods plan.]
McCann is much in the mold of Hickwith an update from Chisolm (that is, using the
concept of defeat)
[See outline on handout]
Peter van Inwagens modal skepticism
Hes not saying we never know that a non-actual state of affairs is possible.
Examples close to our own experience (this mouse could have been three inches to
the right) are okay.
But the sorts o
For fun, check out The Philosophical Lexicon, by Daniel Dennett: philosophical terms made from
Free Will Responses to Natural Suffering
Preeminently, in Christian theology, there has been appeal to some theory of the fall.
Wykstras is based on the condition of CORNEA, the condition of reasonable epistemic
Based on a cognized situation S, agent S is entitled to the claim It appears that p
only if its reasonable for A to think that if p had been false
Note: To meet with KDR outside office times, just arrange it with him over e-mail.
Jacob: Assessment of Marilyn Adams on horrendous evils
Accuse her solution of problematic consequences, by evaluating her claim that God
doesnt have obligation
A typology of hell defenses:
Free will vs. other
Swinburne and Stump, e.g., have free will defenses; God can allow some to freely
choose hell, or fail to freely choose salvation
Free will defenses dont usually think God needs anyone in hell, but is willin
The defeat of evil (Adams)
[See handout: M. Adams intro to Problem of Evil]
Defeat vs. overbalance
For certain purposes, mere overbalancing seems unworthy.
To KDR, this is because it doesnt explain why God allowed the evil. Why not
prevent the evil and th