Prompt: Research and write about the relationship between sleep and psychology.
Sleep paralysis: is it mental?
Some describe it as a terrifying out of body experience, one involving hallucinations or
visiting ghosts. Others may seek it out of curiosity an
- relevant to everyday life
- empirical science
What is psychology? The Science of behaviour and the mind
- Simons & Chabris Gorilla video
Brain is only getting 2D image but needs to construct 3D (origin of optical
Lecture #02: The Brain
o Dualism You, your joys and your sorrows, your memories and your ambitions, your sense of personal identity and free will are in fact no more than the behavior of a vast assembly of nerve cells and their associated molecules. As L
1. Introduction Gray, Peter. Psychology (5th edition), chapter 1 Stanovich, Keith. "How to Think Straight about Psychology." In The Norton Psychology Reader. Edited by Gary Marcus. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2006. pp. 27-37 2. Foundations: This Is
Introduction to Psychology
Research Paper #1 Topic Choice #2
Research articles relevant to one topic you choose from the two choices
(Brain Enhancement OR Marijuana: Safe enough to be legal?). You may use the
sample articles for your p
Lecture 10 Mind Reading with Functional Brain Imaging Are
We There Yet?
Very interested in how our brain works but the idea is very daunting
Can we measure concussion? like putting a number to it? Not really
a quantitative way of identifying concussion
Lecture 7 Perception and Attention and Memory
Story of how things go from your perception to your memory
o Perception the problem of perception is hard
Successful perception involves educated (unconscious)
guesses about the world
o Attention w
Intro to Psyc
Comprehensive introduction to the scientific study of the mind
Major approaches to the mind
o Neuroscience, development, cognitive, social, clinical
o Evolutionary biology, economics, philosophy, CS, anthropo
Lecture 3 Foundations, Part I: Freud (psychoanalytic)
Psychoanalytic vs behaviorist approach
Grand theories of psychology
Over the course of many decades, developed many theories of the mind
The content of Freuds view troubled many people
Freud was mostly
How are people different?
success v. failure
Difference #1: Personality
persons general style of dealing with the wor
Lecture 8 perception, attention and memory
The problem of perception is hard
Successful perception involves educated (unconscious) guesses about
We attend to some things and not others
We miss a surprising amount of what happens in the world
Lecture 22 Happiness
How happy are you? From a scale of 1 10, 7 and 8 are the most common
42 countries: none under 5, most happy: Swiss, most miserable Bulgarians,
happiness is a goal state that animals have evolved to pursue: signa
Lecture 20 mental disorders
DSM-5 contains everything that could go wrong with your body
Notion of mental disorders
o People who are social deviant, who dont fit in
o 1% of the worlds population
o the lepers of the 20th century
o comes fr
A similarity between language and perception will definitely be the possible innateness of
some aspects of each. There have been many evidences that lead researchers to believe that the
ability to acquire language is somewhat innate and hardwired into us.
How does size compare with parental investment?
o Idea that you can have different sizes of parental invest, females
o Some may be physical, nutrition, etc.
o Women would be choosier about who would be a fit mate
o Men would be less choosy ma
Lecture 17 Professor Peter Salovey Love
attraction and love
what is love?
o Sternbergs triangular theory (model of intelligence) complete love only exists
when these three things exist
Intimacy feelings of closeness, connectedness, and bo
PSYC110 Chapter 8 Notes
Emotional Experience: The Feeling Machine
What is Emotion?
o People cant easily describe the emotion they are feeling, but
they can say how similar one experience is to another
o Use multidimensional scaling to create a map of tho
Lecture 2 - Brain
Summer 1848, Phineas Gage worked in exploding rocks away in the train tracks
o Metal rod that went through his skull
o Not paralyzed, blind, seemed fine!
o Before the accident, described as the most efficient and capable man
o After the
Lecture 19: Depression Peter Kraemer
Antidepressants dont work glorified placebos?
People who have depression have body problems hormonally as well
Evidence based medicines have doctors focus on what have emerged
from carefully controlled research trials
- A lot of what we know about sleep may not be accurate
- Variation of sleep
- EEG taught us a lot about sleep
o Electrodes placed on the scalp provide a gross record of the
electrical activity of the brain
- Stages of sleep
o Stage 1 brief tran
Behaviorist theory to work some things need to have been built in
Classical conditioning we need to start off with a link to
Behaviorism fails to explain language
Entire discipline devoted to its study
What do all
46% donors, 40% not, 14% unsure
123,227 people in he US are waitlisted
Every day over 18 people die waiting
One organ donor can save up to 8 lives
The waiting list continues to grow
Controversial: organ market
o 60% said no, 31% said
Marvin Chun believes that we should be able to upload our brains
onto computers; that our brains are mechanical machines.
Transcendence, the movie
But the way the brain is described and presented is very boring
Dont get bogged down with the details
Nature vs. Nurture
John Lockes tabula rasa
People come in to the world with tremendous preparation to
Looking time experiments
o Habituation: people look less at objects if they recognize
them as something they have seen before
We are all psychologists. To understand our minds, our behavior,
and how we influence and are influenced by our environment.
Best kind of psychology collects data that goes against intuition.
Psychology is relevant to daily life.
Psychology is an empirica
The brain, the mind, and behavior are products of evolution and
We natural find babies cute (human or not)
Natural Selection: survival and reproduction
Variationindividuals vary within a population
Heritability-traits pass on to the
Many people believe that success is necessary for happiness
Are people in California happier?
The weather is nice
Does where you live affect how happy you are?
In a survey of the happiest states in the U.S.
o New York ranked 51st
o CT rank
Questions are equally drawn from textbook and lecture
Know the lecture material, and especially the parts that overlap
25% will be unique to the textbook
Why study Children?
Children are cute
Tell us what might be innate
Tell us what and when culture l