15) How do dictators survive? Dictators survive in office by: Paying off a loyal core of supporters whose support is required to rule (winning coalition) If coalition is small, dictator will use private goods, if big=public Once supporters feel secur
Does Economic Equality Lead to Democracy?
Theres a positive correlation between economic development and probability of
being a democracy
o Democracies prevail when either economic equality or capital mobility is
high in a country
o The actors
Population patterns and geography
Dispersed population impedes control (Herbst)
Europeans competed for land because of population
African leaders werent as concerned because the
amount of land wasnt a concern
May overstate population pr
o Cultural explanations often rejected as tautological, untestable, and beside
o Some cultural explanations seek to identify group traits, but often gloss
over in-group diversity, and fail to account for changes in cultural
What are the difference between democracy and dictatorship?
Democracy: the minimalist view
o Competitive elections = democracy
o Competitive elections reduce bloodshed stability
o Stability is a democracys goal
o Stability: not easy to achieve
Protectionist economic policies
o Europe mercantilism
o 197000_import substitution
o Both protectionist, industrialist, firms (Bates)
o generally, rely on policies designed to give domestic industry and edge to
Important of cit
1. How similar is state building to organized crime?
1. Views of states formation
State as predators (Tilly)
European state makers are racketeers (creates a
threat and charges for its protection) think of mafia
o unlike early European states, little need to wage war
Tilley argues that states recently acquire military from outside
US and soviet against war in the develop world (Bates) ?
Quite a lot of war during the third world
Democratization 1: Does Economic Development Lead to Democracy?
o Democracy = competitive elections order
Is the minimalist definition too minimalist?
What other goals besides order define democracy?
o Democracy means rule by the peo
State as Provider
State makers seek power and control (skocpol)
o Geared to maintain control of population and military competition
State has organization function.
o Set of administrative policing, well coordinated by executive authority
o Tilley and Ols
January 15, 2013
How do states form?
Argument doesnt mean polemic
Supposed to be dispassionate and objective
Argument = answer to research question
Empirical and theoretical basis to be convincing
Descriptive: what happened?
o Social welf
Zachary DeWitt ID list for the Final Exam
Tuesday, December 6, 2005
Perestroika Literally, restructuring. The policy of political and economic liberalization implemented in the Soviet Union in the late 1980s. Gorbachev intended to liberalize and r
Final Exam Review II Specific Examples to Know Three Papers o Mark Schafer wrote a paper on MVP, explain the theory. Definition: "A minimum viable population for any given species in any given habitat is the smallest isolated population having a 99%
Comparative Politics Final Section Review Go to 124 Prospect Street to turn in paper Graph section, overall test will be shorter. Medium length and short length questions still exist. Way more time than needed. All readings and lecture notes apart fr
Final Exam Review 7:30-8:30 in 03 next week Exam o 14 questions o One definitions questions o 7-8 words, pick 5 and define them o 2 questions of interrupting graph or charts she showed in class, on classes server but more than likely in what he sent
Comparative Politics Review No Question on the Goldstone Article Russia should have been coded as a type II error? Do weak political measure lead to civil war? o Anacrocies lead to civil wars Is there logic to political violence? What kinds of people
Culture and Democracy
o Is democracy about redistribution?
Redistribution in US may not be favored
o What are features of American democracy? (Yoqueville)
Individualist, pragmatic, Christian
o 3 approaches
Culture doesnt matter (Przeworski)