Overview of 3 Themes (rest in chapter)
Constraints on biological development
Mammalian heart changes so much during development, pumps blood totally differently at
20 days than it does in the future. Organ systems have to work throughout develop
Why do we imitate facial expressions?
Empathy, facial feedback hypothesis, botox injections studies (paralyze frowny smile part of your
brains, people reduce their ability to feel sad? Weak negative senses, takes longer to process them.
Less arousal in th
This was all done with middle class men, so Carol _ introduced women
Pre: individual survival is all that matters.
con: self sacrifice is good in its own right and is driven by care for others
Post: care about others and care about self are integrated
Emotional preparedness, fear of snakes is not innate, it's predisposition to have that fear if you have a
Disgust -> survival component, detecting the kinds of things that would have bacteria and stuff.
More complex: Anxiety
Newborn bonding (being birthed naturally) no evidence that c-section would decrease probability of
bonding with your child
Three Approaches to Bonding
Freudian theory of Psych Development
Oral Stage (0-1) - mother and child bond, breastfeeding period, urg
When he was describing Genie, she never got language in terms of grammar, was relatively normal in the
rest of the cognitive realms (learned games and stuff), anything language free seemed to be feasible for
her to learn.
Language needs to take off from i
Coming to Understand the Physical World
Is this one year old (picture) thinking car and animal, blue thing, solid object, real or toy car?
Empiricist and Nativist issues run pretty large. How are they reasoning with categories?
Piaget - the giant of devel
Younger infants hear more contrast and typically see more contrasts
Chinchilla , some signaling system is innate
Theres a complex interplay of age and ability to understand and grasp language, as they get older they
begin to create language
1) Describe three methods used to infer what infants are thinking in infant cognition
research. Provide one example of a study using each method (3 examples total) and
describe each methods strengths and weaknesses. How might a study using 2 different