1. In what ways did Zygmunt further the chasm between royalty and nobility
and how did this hinder legislation? What errors did Zygmunt make that
foreshadowed the beginning of Commonwealths decline?
2. To what extent did Zygmunt work in favor of Catholic
1. How did the warfare in the 18th century affect different groups within Poland Lithuania?
How did the city and country react different? How did urban life and agricultural living
2. In what ways did deteriorating economic conditions resu
1. To what extent did printing contribute to the spread of language, culture, and religion
during the fifteenth century? How did new ways of thinking develop alongside dominant
rational mainstream throughout the sixteenth and sevente
1. To what extent did geography and climate shape peoples reliance on certain agricultural
crops and limit certain areas diversity of livelihood? How did modes of livelihood differ
amongst different geographical regions in the 1500s?
2. What shifts in the
Evaluate Suleyman Is rule and his extensive European expansion, particularly in
Hungary. Why was Suleyman forced to turn to vassal states in Hungary, where there was
a need to be a strong bastion erected against the Habsburgs?
How did the constant voids o