Subjectivism or Relativism
Can be relativism (torture is just bad because its your opinion and
expression of your opinion).
Another can be that its done based on your judgment and relative
relativism. Basically taking your opinion and making it fact.
Intuitions Roots and Last Class
We were naturally built to make intuitions and we had direct our attention
to think of what was right and wrong. Naturalized intuitions: first think
intuitively and then make theoretical ways to make decisions.
He had int
Peoples intuitions differ greatly and sometimes impossibly. Thinking
theoretically about them that we will be able to make them coherently.
However, those are hard issues to solve. We live in a society in which we
have different intuitio
Conservatives on Social Latent Functions
Dont mess with things that have worked with us for some time. Its
probably been around for a long time because its doing some good stuff
that arent always obvious.
Readings by Leon Cass
Social repentance: human re
Bioethics started in the US and spread to the rest of the world. Lots of
medical consultations in the US and we do more bioethics than the rest of
the world and it is spreading rapidly.
The ethics can change depending on who you are pl
General Idea: What is Exploitation?
Low-Paid Jobs (like Chinese workers): Some think exploitation is when
you take advantage of other people, while others say that its not
exploitation because youre giving money to people.
Question: When is taking advan
Arguments in Bioethics
A lot of these arguments were brought up by Catholic theologians
because in Catholic church you had to confess of all the things that you
did. They are a different groups of confessions.
Jewish moral philosophers were concerned ab
Back to Case: Do we let him live because his life is worth living or we
should respect his prior wishes because he did not want to live in the demented
One point is that the person (who had claimed the initial wish) does not
actually exist anymore
Serious Difficulty with that Reality: Trolley Problem
A trolley is going down a path that can kill fill five people but that trolley
car can be diverted and shift off into the sidetrack and kill only one
person. Do you use a button to kill one person or
In applied ethics, there are intuitions. We listen to those intuitions and we
look at those previous decisions and try to determine the solution for future
A lot of people in applied ethics and moral theory try to come up with
solutions for di