Running Head: INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA
Name:
Course:
Institution:
1
INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA
2
Intermediate Algebra
1) Solve the equation using the methods discussed in Chapter 1 of our text. If the equation has a
unique solution, please show the complete check o

Elements of the Micro Realm as an Environment for the Meso Realm
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The Arousal of Emotions
People respond emotionally to all situations. And, when a large proportion of
incumbents in corporate or categoric units experience the same emotions,
this collec

Chapter 4
The Dynamics of Categoric Units
Blaus Last Theory
During the latter part of his career, Blau (1977, 1994) developed what he
thought was a theory of macro structure, but the dynamics of the theory are,
I believe, better understood as meso dynamic

Elements of the Micro Realm as an Environment for the Meso Realm
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ance of face engagement, when they display appropriate behavioral and
interpersonal demeanor, and when they honor understanding of what each
element of space means, behaviors, movements,

Conclusions
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People generally expect these dynamics to flow smoothly, and as a result,
they will become emotionally aroused when they do not. Moreover, in addition to any direct negative sanctions experienced, the failure to meet expectations is often

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The Dynamics of Categoric Units
distinguish members of a population in terms of discrete categories, such as
peoples gender, ethnicity, and religion and (2) graduated parameters that
place members along a continuous scale or rank order, such as thei

Macro-level Environments and Categoric-Unit Dynamics
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rates and categoric-unit salience are high. Salience of parameters, threat,
and discrimination will increase under a number of conditions, including
(a) high levels of visible diversity that serve a

Macro-level Environments and Categoric-Unit Dynamics
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Macro-level Environments and Categoric-Unit Dynamics
Macro-level Structural Environments of Categoric Units
Structural environments at the macro level are generated by (1) the configuration of integ

Revising Blaus Theory for Understanding Meso Dynamics
123
are initial lower-intensity conflicts during initial associations. The theory
then seeks to outline the processes that increase or decrease rates of interaction among diverse members of a populatio

Blaus Last Theory
119
Table 4.2 Blaus basic theorems
T-1: The probability of intergroup relations declines with proportionate increases
in group size (from a mathematical truism)
T-2: The greater the heterogeneity, the greater are the chances that fortuit

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Micro Environments of the Meso Realm
be played (see below), (d) the meanings of ecological space and interpersonal demography (see below), and, most importantly, (e) the emotions that
will be aroused (see below). Because status embeds individuals in

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developed, I believe, by recognizing that macro- and micro-level dynamics
create environments to which the structures of the meso realmcategoric
and corporate unitsmust respond. In the next chapter, I will addres

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as the chance that two randomly selected individuals will diverge from the
mean average of resources among all members of a population, then it is
more likely that people with very different resource levels on some gr

Elements of the Micro Realm as an Environment for the Meso Realm
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determine the status of others (status taking) or to assert the status that they
are seeking to establish in the encounter (status making).
If these processes are successful, individuals

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units as these serve as conduits for the movement of institutional and stratification cultures down to the level of the encounter (culture taking). This is
a highly fluid set of processes, but culture taking and

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individuals in various categoric units. At the same time, individuals are also
taking cognizance of the nature of the situation in terms of the appropriate
amount of ceremonial, work-pra

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who is to be present and use this space. Thus, as corporate units build up the
ecology organizing individuals and as they develop ecology with
understanding of the demography of who is to enter and use this space

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and, even at times, repressed, which can raise the emotional potential considerably as repressed emotions transmute and eventually surface when
core identity is not verified (Turner 2002a, 2002b, 2008, 2011). Peop

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The operation of this distal bias for negative emotions increases the likelihood that negative emotions will target corporate and categoric units and,
by extension, the institutional domains and the stratificatio

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The Dynamics of Categoric Units
organizations, or communities. The result will be further consolidation of
parameters that in turn leads to a higher correlation between the unequal
distributions of resources and memberships in categoric units. And a

Blaus Last Theory
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subunits, (5) similarly, rates of inter-subunit associations increase with
penetration of inequality into such subunits, and (6) rates of inter-subunit
associations increase with penetration of intersections of other parameters
into

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The Dynamics of Categoric Units
transformations of the modes of integration within and among institutional
domains.
In contrast, a more open system of stratification reveals lower levels of
inequality in general. Where there are high levels of inequ

Revising Blaus Theory for Understanding Meso Dynamics
127
theorem 1 emphasizes, have an enormous influence on rates of association
and, as other theorems indicate, on mobility and on conflict as well; and
(2) economic development as it determines the numb

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The Dynamics of Categoric Units
The same logic applies to inequality, although theorem 10 is stated in a
more complicated form: mobility up or down strata specified by graduated
parameters toward the boundary that separates the upper and middle stra

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Table 4.1 Blaus basic assumptions
A-1: The probability of social association among individuals depends upon their
opportunities for contact
A-2: The proximity of individuals in multidimensional space increases the pro

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The causal path through the middle of Fig. 4.1 delineates Blaus basic
argument that high levels of inequality and heterogeneity increase the
number of parameters, denoting categories of persons, which in turn
increase

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devalued by the moral standards contained in the generalized symbolic
medium, per se, will be subject to discrimination and, hence, fewer
resources than those who are more positively evaluated. For

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members of categoric units, and status beliefs about the characteristics of
persons) to the level of interaction in corporate and categoric units. Norms
give more specific instructions for individuals as they seek to

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between categoric and corporate units. And, as a result, the salience of
parameters should decline as individuals interact with each other in all
corporate units and in all or most locations in their divisions of labo

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The Dynamics of Categoric Units
work against split labor markets. Members of devalued categoric units eventually become resentful of restrictions on their options and often initiate
social movement organizations (SMOs) to deinstitutionalize discrimi