Linguistics and Cog Sci 15 October
Midterm 13 October
Midterm grades given within a week from when we took the exam.
Will explain what the numbers mean
Get back to the study of language. Endede last week by asking: why
so many languages? Th wa
CGSC 110 Midterm 1 Review
1. Marrs 3 levels =
a. Computational level: what is problem being solved?
b. Algorithmic level: what are steps to solve it?
c. Implementation level: how steps are implemented in underlying hardware?
2. Frame problem = too many th
Prompt: Choose a part of cognitive science that has been covered in class and discuss how it
impacts the real world.
Philosophy in Cognitive Science: 3 Steps to Improving the American Government
On his late night show, Jimmy Kimmel shed some light on the
Cogsci final exam review
1. Language = pattern of human speech & implicit systems that speaking/listening rely on
2. Writing = way of recording language by visible marks
-present only in some societies
-learned after speech is acquired
1. What I do
a. Laurie Santos studied at Harvard What is man that thou art mindful
b. Focus on nonhuman primates
c. Domesticated dogs literally grow up in same environment as human
2. Why Study Animals
a. The liar bird can im
Ooh La La: The Cognitive Science of Love, Sex, and
Why is there sex?
A defense against pathogens and parasites
If a pathogen picks the locks of your immune system, it will
Whats Within?: How nature supports nurture
Nature vs. Nurture
The Worse-Than-Useless Question: Which is more important, nature or nurture?
Our innate structure is designed to learn!
Infrastructure for learning certain things from the environment is bu
Pieces of Mind: Modularity and Mental Organs
Modularity of mind
Mind contains modules specialized for different tasks
The underlying idea: the mind is no more homogenous than is the body.
Just as the body has its organs, so too does the mind have speciali
There are built-in information processing mechanisms in the brain.
This idea comes from computer science:
Basic memory capacity, primitive operations (e.g. shift, brute constraints,
There is a basic primitive instru
Mental Circuitry: Computation in Cognitive Science
Marrs 3 levels
its useful to understand processes on all three levels
Curing instinct blindness
Implementing a process with computer science shows how complex/involved it is
What does it mean to implement
Two Mysteries of Cognitive Science: Evolution and Consciousness
Problem vs. Mystery
Problem: we dont understand it but we know what to do to improve our
Mystery: we dont even know where to begin
The Mind/Body Problem
The Foundations of Cognitive Science
In any field, find the strangest
and most fascinating thing and
then explore it.
CogSci 110a, Psychology 130a
- John Archibald Wheeler
Professor Brian Scholl