BIO 115 Exam 3
A. Skeletal System
1. Label the structures of bone tissue (i.e. osteons, central & perforating canals,
lacunae, lamellae, canaliculi, trabeculae, etc.)
2. General Functions of bones:
a. Support and protection, movement, hem
Exam 2 Study Guide:
Know the cell Theory of Life
o What is significant about a cells form?
Form determines function
o What is a eukaryotic cell?
Cells that have membranous organelles (we are made up of these), larger
and more com
What are the hormones that initiate puberty?
o Hypothalamus begins to secrete gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
This stimulates anterior pituitary to release 2 hormones:
1. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
2. Luteinizing hormone (LH
The Process of Respiration
-How an action potential travels to the diaphragm (via the phrenic nerve with the help of
channels pumps and ions)
-When the diaphragm contracts and relaxes what specific structures would that O2 molecule
come across (in order)
Bio 115: Exam 4 Study Guide (Endocrine)
a. Composed of ductless glands that synthesize and secrete hormones (which are then
released into the blood and transported throughout the body)
b. Endocrine and nervous system are the two control s
Ch. 9 Homework Assignment
Describe self-cutting? What are some of the factors that lead to cutting?
Self-cutting is a type of self-injury. People use any type of sharp objects to inflict
cuts or scrapes on their body. Most frequently, the a
Diastole of the heart
Blood returning to heart via Sup. & Inf. Vena Cava &
Pressure opens AV Valves
o Blood passively fills 80% of ventricles
Systole of Atrium
o Remaining blood from atria pushed into vent
What statement regarding homeostasis is correct?
C. Homeostasis maintains stable internal conditions and relies mostly on negative feedback
Regulation of body temp?
B. Uses thermoreceptors in the skin as sensors
Which statement regarding the structure and
Pharynx three main parts:
Nasopharynx provides passage of air from the nasal cavity; tonsils in the region
protect against pathogens
Oropharynx provides for the passage of air and swallowed food; tonsils in region
protect against p
Special Senses: Vision, Hearing and Equilibrium
Optic Disc (blind spot) where the optic nerve leaves the eyeball.
Macula Lutea (Yellow Spot) lateral to the blind spot, posterior to the lens, an
area of high cone density
Fovea Centralis in the center o
Spinal Nerves, Plexuses & Reflexes
Dorsal Rootlets Fibers that connect the spinal cord to the dorsal root
Dorsal Root nerve that fans out into dorsal rootlets to connect to the posterior
spinal cord. Contains axons of sensory neurons
Dorsal Root Ganglion
Anatomy of the Spinal Cord
Anterior Median Fissure more open of the two grooves that partially divide the
spinal cord into left and right halves
Posterior Median Sulcus - shallower of the two grooves that partially divide the
spinal cord into left and rig
(1) Dura Mater Outermost layer; 2 layers to dura mater
Periosteal Layer attached to the inner surface of the skull; forms
Meningeal Layer forms the outermost brain covering and is continuous
with the dura mater of the spinal cord
Anatomy of the Human Heart, Heart Sounds, and Pulse
L & R Atrias Receiving chambers; Superior
L & R Ventricles Discharging chambers. Forcing blood out of the
heart into the large arteries; Inferior
Atrioventricular Valves (AV) located
Aorta (ascending, arch)
Brachiocephalic artery first branch of the aorta. Supplies the head and
arm. Branches into the right common carotid and the right subclavian arteries.
Coronary Arteries supply the myocardium of the heart.
Common Carotid arteries
Exam 1 Test Bank:
Topic 1: Definition of Ecology
1. The Cary institute definition of ecology is the scientific study of the
processes influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms, the
interactions among organisms, and the interactions between o
Literacy Assignment 1 PEER-REVIEW JOURNALS & SCIENTIFIC METHOD
20 pts. lecture
Due at the start of any lecture class on or before Feb. 7.
Can be done individually or in a group of 2.
Form on page 3 must be word-processed, not hand-written.
The study of the structures and functions of cells.
. . . my work, which I've done for a long time, was not pursued in order to gain the
praise I now enjoy, but chiefly from a craving after knowledge, which I notice
resides in me more than in mos
1. DEFINE technology, reliable, valid.
RELIABLE = Repeatable
VALID = Use results to predict results under similar conditions, whether in a natural or
TECHNOLOGY = Process used to create a final product. The product is abl
BIO 115 LAB Review for Practical 1 Labs 1 through 5
Description & SUGGESTED STUDY ITEMS
If you need to look at any tools or instruments, you can come into my other lab sections
(with advance notice) or into the open labs with the tutor to use the practice
JOINTS = ARTICULATIONS
Pay attention in lecture. You will need to know items with *. Items with
LAB at the end of the heading are here to remind you of the material. Those
items will not reappear on the lecture test.
Joints = articulations = where two or
Part 1 - PARTIAL TEST REVIEW Cells: Structure & Transport
* Below are some items to review for the test. This is not a guarantee that all test items will
come solely from this list, but the vast majority of them will be covered by carefully reviewing
REVIEW QUIZLET 2 Lecture Cell Membrane Chemicals
The information from diagrams on pp. 107 109 are a major part of the quizlet. It
is likely that a diagram similar to the one on page 107 will be used.
1. What are the roles of proteins in the cell membrane?