Writing Assignment One
Word Count: 222
Locke claims that [Section 140]
Taxes may never be levied.
Taxes may only be levied with the consent of the people.
Taxes may be levied whenever it is necessary to preserve the commonwealth.
Taxes may only be levied in times of war.
Pippin claims that, according to Kant:
People are permitted to remain in the state of nature.
People should never leave the state of nature.
People should only leave the state of nature if that would promote their happiness.
Question 1 
Kant describes the congress of states as:
a voluntary coalition that may be dissolved at any time.
a federation like that of the American states, which may never be dissolved.
a community of states who declare friendship with ea
Locke seems to limit membership in political society to express consenters. Simmons
argues that this poses a problem for Locke because:
Giving express consent violates the law of nature.
No one ever expressly consents to be a member o
Question 1 [C1 S2]
Bentham claims that the principle of utility judges actions according to:
how much virtue they tend to produce in the community
how much happiness they tend to produce for the community
whether they treat people fairly
Kant claims that:
Independence is a requirement for having the right to vote.
The sovereign ought to have discretion about who has the right to vote.
People who depend on others for their preservation should still have the right to
Political Philosophy Lecture notes 3/25/14
John Stuart Mill was also an advocate of utilitarianism, but had two differing views from
1. Distinction between higher and lower pleasures.
a. In response to the objection that utilitarianism treats hum
Mill claims that:
Law is the ultimate criterion of justice.
It is always unjust to deprive someone of his legal rights.
It is always just to disobey an unjust law.
There may be unjust laws.
Mill claims that an a
If citizens discover that the state was founded unjustly, they are permitted to revolt.
Citizens should obey only if they know the origins of the state.
If the state was founded without an actual contract, citizens are pe
Kant claims that intelligible possession:
is the same as sensible possession
always violates others' rights
requires holding the object
does not require physical possession of the object
Which of the following i
Political Philosophy recitation 3/24
1. Subject of evaluation (action, rules)
a. If everyone were to act in way that would help those in dire need, everyone
would live longer and it account for more pleasure in the world than pain.
Word Count: 783
The debate on world peace, or perpetual peace, has long been a controversial topic of
discussion among theorists and philosophers in history. European Enlightenment philosopher
Imannuel Kant offers a plausible solution and the necessary me