process of drawing inferences or conclusions from evidence
reason from general to specific (syllogism)
General to specific, includes syllogisms going from two premises to conclusion
measures what it claims to measure
ex: an intelligence test needs to measure intelligence not memory etc.
consistency of of a research or test.
ex: if weigh yourself through out day-> would expect scale to have similar results.
Chapter 10: Human Development Development Developmental psychology the study of how behavior changes over time Special consideration: Childrens development influences their experiences, but their experiences are also influenced by their development
Psychology Chapter 1 -Brief History of Psychology -Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychology laboratory in 1879 in Leipzig Germany, studied sensation and perception. -Wundt's student, Edward Titchner, founded a lab at Cornell in 1892 -William James
Scientific Research in Psychology
Look for evidence that challenges our beliefs and cautious of
evidence that supports them
Counter-intuitive ways of helping
Motivational interviewing for alcohol dependence
Chapter 3: Sensation and Perception
Sensing and Perceiving the World
o Sense- a system that translates data from outside the nervous system into
o Sensations- raw information (messages) from the senses
Sensations provide the vital link b
Activity: Identify the US, CS, UR and CR
Read through the examples below and then identify the US, CS, UR, and CR in each of the examples. 1. Pamela is walking her child at the mall and a lady walks by and stops to see the baby. The lady has a shiny, nois
Exam 3 Sample Questions
According to research, prejudice is reduced when people must:
come into contact with one another.
b. change their attitudes and behaviors.
cooperate with one another to achieve a goal.
d. live together.
A reflex crucial
Exam 4 Study Guide Chapter 14- Stress & Health Behavioral medicine- an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease. Health Psychology- a subfield of psychology that provide
Intro to Psychology Notes
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Science of Psychology
The World of Psychology: An Overview
o Psychology- the science that seeks to understand behavior and mental processes
and to apply that understanding in the service if human w
PSY 0010 Sample Exam questions
Surveys, as discussed in the text, are a form of:
As she walks out of the living room, Gloriann turns out the light
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Psychology PSY 0010 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY (CRN 11744) FALL 2006
Day/Time: Place: Textbook: Course website: Research website: Instructor: Office: Phone: Email: Office Hours: Tuesday and Thursday 9:30-10:45
A client tells his therapist about a dream of riding on a train with his boss. At the end of the journey,
the boss gets off the train at a terminal. The content of this dream, as related by the client to the
therapist, is what Freud called its _.
Defined as the science of behavior and mental processes
o Behavior (directly observable)
Voluntary & involuntary actions
Physiological (especially brain) activity
o Mental processes (indirectly)
Thinking, feeling, wanting, pe
October 16th, 2013
What is memory?
- A system for processing information from the
environment where we can code it, stores it, and
- Memory is not a recording system. Ex: Not choosing
the right penny.
- Memory is pars
October 15th, 2013
Social Learning Theory
Beliefs, attitudes, and expectations also shape behaviors,
in addition to environmental events.
Reciprocal Determinism cognition, behavior, and
environment all influence each othe
Psych Lecture Notes
October 21, 2013
Ebbinghauss Forgetting Curve.
With the use of nonsense syllables. Memorized a list of syllables. Describes the fact
that when we learn meaningless material decay will happen quickly, it will reach a
Psych Exam IV Notes
Nonshared environment and personality
experiences that make children in the same family less like each other are
influential on personality
o birth order
o peer and school ex
Psychoanalysis the psychopathology of everyday life
Parapraxes a Freduian slip. ex. Interview for a job coming up but you dont
want it, although you need it. Interview at 9, alarm for 8, wake up at 10.
Jokes - talk about things otherwi
continued from 11/8 notes
The Adult Personality
o Our objects of desire and forms of satisfaction established in early
childhood continue to be sources of pleasure. However, they become
unacceptable because they conflict with mo
Planning for Academic Success
25 September 2011
My desired outcomes and experiences for taking notes: I can just look at the
notes I have taken and understand the most important parts of all the lectures I have
University of Pittsburgh - Department of Psychology
PSY 0010 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY (CRN 18258)
Tuesday and Thursday
Psychoanalytic Personality Theory
The psychopathology of everyday life
o Parapaxes (Freudian slip)
The dynamic unconscious
o Forgetting can be motivated
As can lack of awareness of our motivations
o The unconscious speaks indirectly
Study of psychological growth, change, and consistency through the lifespan
Examines these changes from multiple perspectives:
What abilities does the infant possess?
o Motor abil
Perception & Sensation (Chapter 4)
What is the relationship between Perception and Sensation?
o Perception produces an interpretation of sensations, not a perfect
representation of the world
o Bottom-up processing
October 11th, 2013
Deindividuaton the tendency of people to engage in atypical behavior
when stripped of their usual identities.
arousing and distracting activities
Chapter 15: Psychological Therapies
Therapy: treatment methods aimed at making people feel better and function more
Psychotherapy: therapy for mental disorders in which a person with a problem
talks with a psychological professi
Chapter 11: Stress and Health
Psychoneuroimmunology: the study of the effects of psychological factors such as stress,
emotions, thoughts, and behavior on the immune system
Stress: the term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive
Chapter 13: Theories of Personality
Personality: the unique and relatively stale ways in which people think, feel, and
Character: value judgments of a persons moral and ethical behavior
Temperament: the enduring characteristics with
Sensation vs. Perception
Sensation- receiving translating and transmitting messaged from the
outside world to the brain
Perception- organizing and interpreting information received from the
Olfaction (sense of smell) has the most di