Chapter 20: Analyzing and engineering genes
Application of recombinant technology in production of HGH
a. What are the functions of HGH and where in the body is HGH produced? What is the difference between
HGH and GH1 (Hint: protein vs.
Chapter 28: Phylogenetics
1. Systematics and taxonomy:
a. Systematics is a subdiscipline of biology that classified organisms.
i. Order the following classification categories from the least to the most inclusive: kingdom,
Chapter 27: Speciation
1. Species concepts:
a. Compare and contrast biological, morphological, and phylogenetic species concepts.
b. What are the limitations of each of the three species concepts?
i. How would biologists classify the foll
Chapter 18: Control of gene expression in bacteria
What are the levels of gene expression regulation? Compare and contrast transcriptional, translational and posttranslational gene expression. What level of gene expression control would y
Chapter 21: Genomics
1. What are the three major databases? (Hint: NCBI vs. EMBL-EBI vs. DDJ)
2. What is the general difference in genome size in prokaryotes (bacteria & archaea) and eukaryotes? Know
Chapter 17: Transcription, translation, and RNA processing
The Central Dogma: How does information flow in a cell? Are there any exceptions to the central dogma?
The process of transcription:
i. Where does transcri
Chapter 19: Control of gene expression in eukaryota
What are the challenges of a eukaryotic organism: unicellular vs. multicellular organism. What makes a liver cell a
liver cell? How is neuron different
Chapter 15: DNA synthesis and repair
DNA, molecule of inheritance
a. 1928, Fred Griffith what did he study; why was the S. pneumoniae a good model system for his
research; what is the R and S strain; what is transformatio
Chapter 16: How genes work
Fundamentals of metabolic pathways:
a. Catabolic vs. anabolic metabolic pathways
b. Steps of a metabolic pathway: precursor, intermediates, product; enzymatically catalyzed steps
c. What happens in a
Chapter 26: Evolutionary processes
The null hypothesis of no evolution in a population, the Hardy-Weinberg theorem:
a. For a diploid, sexually reproducing organism, consider an autosomal trait:
i. What p