List and describe the 5 goals of personality theory
1. Observation that is scientific:
- Based on research ; objective observations; diverse and large groups of people.
2. Systematic theory:
- Ideas can be integrated and organized; flow together; provide
PSY 380: Test 2 Study Guide
What is the main purpose of projective technique?
The purpose is to tap the unconscious through the use of ambiguous stimuli.
*Use of unstructured stimuli so your personality (ego) interprets stimuli
*What is the unconscious? I
TEST 5 STUDY GUIDE:
List & describe 5 characteristics of the behavioral approach (class material). What does it
mean that Skinner thought that the concept of personality was superfluous (unnecessary)?
a. The focus is on Observable Behavior
The Trait Approach
The Trait approach is very different in terms of
its focus and methodology:
Historically, it has emphasized the biological
aspects (including neurology and genetics)
more than the other approaches.
Most of the focus has been upon the
15 September 2014
Source Article: Jung & Campbell hero archetypes
In reading the article the first thing that caught my eye was when Campbell said, A hero
is someone who has given his or her life to something bigger than oneself. Th
* Cognitive Theory (George Kelly)
* Cognitive Therapy
* Cognitive Social
A Cluster of Cognitive Approaches
There is a branch of psychology called Cognitive Psychology
not directly related to personality theory that studies memory
1. Describe what Kelly means by constructs; constructive alternativism; man as scientist.
Describe in detail fixed role therapy and the Role Construct Repertory (Rep) test.
a. Person as scientist
i. We seek to understand & predict the world
Final Position Paper
Throughout the semester we have learned about several different types of personality theories,
origins or source of behavior, and various treatments. Each theory has something to offer making it
somewhat difficult to pi
Skinner & Freud: Midnight Oil
Skinner: Excuse me, but you look familiar, have we met?
Freud: I do not believe so.
Skinner: I am Dr. Skinner. Are you Dr. Sigmund Freud?
Freud: Yes, I am Dr. Freud.
Skinner: Would you mind terribly if
Rogers Theoretical Perspective via Counseling Session
The video presented in class was of a scenario in which a student was conflicted about
what he wanted and who he was, which was slowly explored with the counselors use of Rogers
Going Beyond Freud:
(1) More strength was given to the conscious
ego capacities (some psychodynamic theorists
are called ego psychologists)
(2) Additional motives are postulatednot
simply sex and aggression but purely
interpersonal motives an
STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 4
1. What is meant by temperament? Describe the early studies of the biological temperament, e.g.,
phrenology and Sheldons study of somatotype (which are no longer considered valid).
o Characteristic manner of behaving (s
16 November 2014
Psychology of Personality
Article Review: Seligman
Seligman introduces the process of pessimistic explanatory style, where you blame bad events
on yourself until you begin to feel an almost permanent sense of failure or pes
This Section is Relatively brief
and is based mainly on handouts,
the book, and class applications
Quick Note on our
We Will modify the schedule a bit due to moving the previous test.
Everything will be due one day later th
Jung was a
Views of the Unconscious
Cognitive Unconscious: Positive and
constructive unconscious processes
Collective Unconscious made up of
CARL ROGERS (1902-1987)
PHENOMENOLOGICAL, HUMANISTIC, CLIENT CENTERED
WHO WAS CARL
He grew up on an Illinois farm in a
conservative Christian Home.
He was an American full of
optimism (go west young man!).
He studied agriculture, theology,
Freud and Christianity
Suzanne Knocke,p 1
1 September 2014
Freud and Christianity
Freud was born into a Jewish family but rejected Judaism and became an atheist.
Throughout his life he argued in multiple ways and tried to prove that
25 August 2014
What is the importance of Freuds concept of repression?
Freud identified through observation that people had forgotten memories that were
forgotten because of distressing painful or shameful events that occurred
Distort or deny
Realtiy to maintain
with defend & distort reality to fit construct system
a bad scientist
Scientists work by formulating theories by which they understand and explain the world and
Personality Exam 3 Review:
Describe Rogers familial and educational backgrounds & how they may have influenced
He grew up on an Illinois farm in a conservative Christian Home.
He was an American full of optimism (go west young man!).