Unit 2/Chapter 8: Joints of the Skeletal System (p. 261-282)
Define the term articulation.
Distinguish between the functional and structural classification of joints, and relate the
terms that are essentially synonymo
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Joints Class Notes
Homework: Is it Harmful to Crack Your Knuckles? Paper due _ One page discussion with sources of information cited.
Weakest parts of the skeleton
Articulation site where two or more
Joints & Skeletal Movement
Classification of joints is by functional group (the amount of movement possible), and
structural group (how the bones are held together).
(bones connected by
Anatomy Ch 6
Specialized tissue forming the bones
The end of a long bone that is originally separated from the main bone by a layer of
cartilage but that later becomes united to the main bone through ossification
the cavity that c
bones, cartilage and ligaments are tightly joined to
form a strong, flexible framework
each individual bone is a separate organ of the
bone is active tissue:
!5-7% bone mass/week
~270 bones (organs) of the
1) Two runners have different moment arms of their Achilles tendon at their
ankle joints. Runner 1 has a moment arm (r) of 6.0 cm and runner 2 has a
moment arm (r) or 3.0 cm. If both runners exert a ground reaction force (G)
Joints Lecture Outline
I. Definition of articulation - any place that two or more bones meet, not necessarily movable.
II. Functional types of articulations - note the root work -arthrosis = joint
A. Synarthrosis no movement possible
B. Amphiarthrosis sli
Classification of Joints
1. Define joint or articulation.
2. Classify joints structurally and functionally.
3. Describe the general structure of fibrous joints. Name and give an example of
each of the three common types
An inside or outside corner
The main or central portion
of a bone
Edge or boundary of a bone
Rounded bump; usually fits
into a fossa on another
bone to form a joint
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96 terms by chlorinegirl753
Appendicular Skeleton Outline
Contains the bones that lie outside of the mid-ventral axis.
Primarily the appendages
Provides connection between the axial skeleton and upper limbs.
Each girdle contains a Clavicle and a Scapula.
Anatomy and Physiology Unit Test Review Sheet
1. Define ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
Anatomy names of body structures
physiology function of body structures
2. Know the levels of organization, from simplest to most complex
(atom, molecule, organelle) cell tissue
Appendicular Skeleton Worksheet
Using the key choices, identify the bones names or marking according to the descriptions that follow. Insert the
appropriate term or letter in the answer blanks.
BIO 201 LAB EXAM I DESCRIPTION
The exam will consist of 50 questions arranged at stations in the lab. Each station will contain
one or two questions on the various models, bones, tissues etc. covered in lab. You will have
1-2 minutes at each station to an
Chapter 8 - Joints
Articulationdefined as a site where two or more bones meet
Functions of joints:
Give skeleton mobility
Hold skeleton together
Functional Classification of Joints
Based on amount of movement allowed by the joint
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY STUDY GUIDE APPENDICULAR SKELETON
How many bones make up the appendicular skeleton? 126
What is another name for the shoulder girdle? PECTORAL
What are the two bones that make up the shoulder girdle? CLAVICLE
A&P 1 ONLINE Joints notes part 1
JOINTS PART 1
joints can be classified by structural or functional