Memory Strategies and Metacognition
1. We have looked at working memory and longterm memory as basic scientific constructs. We will now look at practical devices of improving these memories. 2. Different memorization strat
Some memories are very fragile and go into oblivion very quickly. Working memory is one such memory.
1. Try this. Do this mentally. Write your answers on paper. a. 7 X 9 = 63 b. 74 X 9 = 666 c. 74 X 96 = 7104
What is a problem?
Problem can generally be defined as an obstacle, that remains perplexing until solved.
Reactions to a Problem
1. 2. 3. Problem exists, but the individual is not cognizant of it. Problem exists and the indi
Perceptual Processes I: Visual and Auditory Recognition
Perception: An Introduction
Perception is a mental (cognitive) process that involves using previous knowledge to gather and interpret the stimuli gathered by the senses. Thus perception i
Gradient of Memory
1. Think of the first day of class and recall as much information as possible do the same for a class last semester. You will realize that recall of information for this class will be greater than the last s
Language and Society
Language is the most social of all cognitive phenomena.
Functions of Language Production
1. To persuade someone to do something. 2. To persuade someone to say something (establish a fact). 3. To influe
Language Comprehension (Listening and Reading)
Language: Some Aspects
Turning thoughts into words. Distinguishes man from animals. Think if there was no language.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Language is a cognitive process/skill (listening, reading and tal
1. Mental representation of stimuli when they are physically absent (Kosslyn, 2000). 2. Can you form images based on all senses: sight, sound, smell, taste and touch? 3. Yes. But some senses form images more readily than others
History and Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
What is Cognitive Psychology?
Cognition co- + gnoscere to come to know. Knowing requires mental activity which involves acquiring, storage, transformation and use of knowledge (Matlin, 2002).
1. General knowledge is general in nature, and entails whatever (content) is held in semantic memory. 2. General knowledge is implicitly or explicitly acquired. 3. To understand general knowledge we need to
Deductive Reasoning & Decision Making
Complex Cognitive Tasks
Deductive reasoning and decision making are complex cognitive tasks that are part of the thinking process. Thinking Problem Solving Deductive Reasoning Decision Making
Cognitive Development Throughout the Lifespan
We will look at three aspects of cognitive development in our discussion.
1. Memory development 2. Metacognitive development 3. Development of language