Muslims have a duty to command the right and forbid the wrong. This phrase is
firmly rooted in the verses of the Qur'an. Two sides of the same coin. Also refers
to this in the Hadith, which Sunnis value as comparable to Qur'an in importance.
Berkey- Muhammad fled from Mecca to Medina circa 622, called Hijra (beginning
of Muslim calendar) Established an umma (community) in Medina
Islam emerged in an area saturated with different religions, traditions, and beliefs
Islam draws from many other ci
This book talks about women's rights in Hanafi law btwn. 16th-18th century.
Court closer to Western courtrooms.
37-48: In Islamic law marriage is contractual, woman who was taken by her
brother and married without her consent can get out of the marriage.
Muhammad's death throws the Muslim community into confusion. Question of
leadership arises. Sunni's say Abu Bakr, then close companions (including Ali)
were the first caliphs. Shi'i say that Ali came to power. Big civil war breaks out,
some tribes annul t
First visions shown to Muhammad in his sleep. Apostle would journey far off out
of Mecca where no signs of civilization could be found, and meditate. He would
pray in seclusion and give food to the poor that approached him. When he
returned from his month
Sells Introduction to Qur'an:
Cairo shuts down so people can watch the Qur'an recited on TV, distinctly
compelling example of verbal expression. Muhammad did not perform miracles,
revelation of Qur'an was a miracle. Qur'an is inimitable, if it could be co
Berkey Sufism: Sufis have had problematic relationship with rest of community.
Often have came into conflict especially with jurists based on practices and
doctrinal grounds. Sufis trace their practices to Ali and Muhammad. Asceticism is
a main principle
Women praying with men: Legal question is what happens if a women prays
next to or in front of a man (adjacent). This either invalidates both prayers, or
neither, or in the case of Hanafi law just the male's prayers. Had its roots in ritual
purity laws. I
Ahmed: Some Islamists say banning of infanticide helped condition of women
this is false.wide variety of marriage practices in pre-Islamic Arabia women had
more sexual autonomy. Also correlate with women being leaders. Changes from
matrilineal to patrilin
Chapter 3: The textualist/intentionalist bent
Among jurists the foundational texts known as nass, two subcategories are
Quran and Sunna. Texts stand as sole point of contact between humans and
lawgiver. Extrapolate laws from the texts. These texts must co