Chapter 18 Autonomic Nervous System
- Autonomic system: The motor system that regulates the internal orders (smooth
muscles and glands)
- It is involuntary because of smooth muscle.
- The basic purpose of autonomic nervous system is to maintain homeostasi
Chapter 5: Integumentary System
Skin is the largest organ of the body
Skin plus its associated structures make up the Integumentary system
o Appearance of eyelids is what skin is by itself
o Associated structures include sweat glands, oil glands,
Left and right testicular/ovarian artery
These two arteries come off at different levels on the aorta. At no time or
nowhere in the vascular system does blood have more than two options
The left one is coming off a little higher
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Anatomy
Look at fig. 1.3 (Organization in the human body)
o Atom molecules macromolecules organelles cells tissues organs organ
o Medicine is a molecule that acts on other molecules
Chapter 15 continued
o 12 pairs of cranial nerves, total of 24
o Need to know the name and the Roman Numeral
o Some cranial nerves are ONLY sensory function
Cranial Nerve I Olfactory (smell)
Cranial Nerve II Optic (vision)
Chapter 21: Blood
Components of Blood
Erythrocytes (red blood cells):
Transport oxygen and carbon dioxide
Composition in blood:
Make up more than 99 % of formed elements
Make up 44 % of a blood sample, and form the lower layer of the centrif
Chapter 4 Histology
Tissues: are group of similar cells and extra cellular products that carry out a common
Histology: study of tissue
Pathology: study of diseased tissue
- 4 different tissues
list of the cell parts
Structure of plasma membrane
In order for a drug to have its effect it needs to either has to bind to receptor or penetrate the membrane
If it binds with receptor on the outside of the cell, it
- Cerebellum is responsible for coordination for motor impulses
It means putting into correct order, in the right mini fraction of seconds
- In addition, cerebellum stores memory for previous learned movement pattern.
Ex: Riding bicycle, skat
Cerebellum is responsible for coordination of motor impulses.
Imperative for doing things in the right order at the right time
Stores memory of previously learned movement patterns
o Ex putting clothes on, riding a bike, skating
- 85-95% that leaves the blood to nourish your cell come right back into the blood
after picking up the metabolic waste
- Other 10-15% that does not return to the blood directly must be collected by
lymphatic system. It is return to
Chapter 16 Spinal Cord
- Posterior view of spinal cord
- Color coded part of the spinal cord for region.
- Spinal cord is divided into 31 segements and each segment has pair of spinal nerve
so they have total of 62 spinal nerves.
- The body is
Chapter 27 Urinary System
- Circulatory system picks up the metabolic waste from body and to liver and kidney.
- Function of Urinary System
Remove metabolic waste from the blood and the body.
Balance the chemistry of the blood that helps the balance of
Chapter 23 Blood Vessels Continued
- Precapillary Sphincters: is a circular muscle. This muscle is the primary reason
that heart are designed to 120 years.
- Arteriole smallest artery that carries blood right out or into the tissue
- Veneole s
Chapter 28 Reproductive System
- Female Reproductive system is simply design to create a new human being
- Deliver the new human being 9 months later.
- In order to do that, she has to produce gamete (egg) done in ovary.
- Normally produce, on
Chapter 25 Respiratory System
- Respiratory System you think about respiration
Respiration: includes ventilation, gas exchange, and oxygen utilization.
Ventilation: breathing; inhaling atmospheric molecules and exhaling CO2.
Gas Exchange: occurs in two
Chapter 19 Sense Organ
Recap from chapter 18
- Motor Neuron is accepted through anterior horn in the white matter
- Zero synapse in peripheral ganglion
- Motor neuron in anterior or lateral horn arent as long as sensory neuron. Sensory
neuron is the longe
- Developmental History of a Human
- Mom and Dad got together
- Fertilization through Implantation
- Coming from vagina
- Female ovulate 14 days from the start including DAY 1
- Shows levels of organization of human body
- Atoms -> molecules -> macromolecules -> organelles -> cells -> tissue -> organ ->
organ system -> organisms
- Drugs are molecules
Molecules affect molecules
Design and built to target c
- Young people developing more ricketts because more people stay in home.
- Integumentary System- Skin
- Largest in the organ in our body is SKIN
- Skin and all other associated with skin called Integumentary system
- System group of organ that