6. Electronic Structure of Atoms 6.1&6.2 The Wave nature of Light and the energy of photon What is light?
Light is an electromagnetic wave: Wavelength: (SI unit: length) Frequency: (Hz) Speed of light: c (c=299,792,458 m / s in vacuum) c=
Experiment 12 Revision 1.1
Molecular Modeling of Covalent Compounds
To learn about the geometry of covalently bound molecules. To learn about VSEPR theory. To learn about Isomerism. To learn about Molecular Polarity.
In this laboratory exercise
Experiment 11 Revision 1.1
Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules
Learn about the Interaction of Photons with Atoms and Molecules. Learn about the Electronic Structure of Atoms. Learn about Spectroscopy. Learn about Beers Law.
In this laboratory e
Experiment 8 Revision 1.0
The Determination of Oxalate Ion using Titrimetry
Learn how to perform a quantitative chemical analysis. Learn how to perform a titration. Learn about Oxidation-Reduction reactions.
In this laboratory exercise, we will
Experiment 4 Revision 1.2
The Synthesis of Magnesium Oxide
Learn how the elemental composition of a chemical compound is determined. Learn about the Fundamental Laws of chemistry. Learn how to determine the empirical formula of a chemical compou
Experiment 7 Revision 1.0
Synthesis of Potassium Ferric Oxalate Trihydrate
To learn about Coordination Compounds. To learn about metal ion - ligand complexes. To learn about chemical stoichiometry and the Theoretical Yield of a Reaction. To lear
Experiment 3 Revision 1.2
Distillation of Alcohol
To learn about the separation of substances. To learn about the separation technique of distillation. To learn how to characterize a substance using its density. To learn about fermentation.
Experiment 2 Revision 2.1
To learn about intensive physical properties. To learn how to measure the density of substances. To learn how to characterize a substance using its density. To learn different methods for measurin
Experiment 1 Revision 1.1
Paper Chromatography of a Metal Cation Mixture
To learn about the separation of substances. To learn about the separation technique of chromatography. To learn how to use properties of known substances to identify unknow
Experiment 10 Revision 1.1
Calorimetry and Thermochemistry
Learn how to measure Heat flow. Learn about the Specific Heat of substances. Learn about Exothermic and Endothermic chemical reactions. Learn about the Enthalpy function.
In this labora
3 Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
Stoichiometry: the area of study that examines the quantities of substances consumed and produced in chemical reactions. 3.1 Chemical Equations: Chemical reactions are represented i
4. Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
Aqueous solution: A solution in which water is the dissolving medium Solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances. The substance present in the greatest quantity is usually called solve
4.4 Oxidation-Reduction (or redox) Reactions electrons are transferred between reactants 1. Oxidation and Reduction
In redox reaction:
A substance loses electrons. The loss of electrons by a substance is called oxidation. The substance that lose
of Theory Matter 2.1Theatomic . Dalton's theory: atomic
called of smallparticles Eachelementis composed extremely atoms. in to are 2. All atomsof a qivenelement identical oneanother properties, the atomsof one eldmentare buy massandothe-r fromthe
1 Introduction: Matter and Measurement
1.1 The Study of Chemistry 1. What is Chemistry?
Chemistry is the study of the composition, structure, properties, and changes of matter at molecular level. Matter is anything in the universe that has mass and o