operations and verify compliance with the prescribed working pattern and work
instructions. It turns out that deficiencies on the level of control documentation, especially
in the description of implementation of subtasks still endure even in companies wi
The HTA and PHEA methods were briefly introduced in the article. These methods have
been proved very useful for the HF reliability and mistakes assessment, and especially the
integrated HTA-PHEA method, which includes a quantitative assessment
The values to statements are given with clicking the mice. The current is the
value of the statement at the moment. The target value represents the respondents
wish of the statements value in the future. The difference of target and current
states can be
suitable demands, be the road to a higher quality of job and workers well-being.
Although nowadays, there is a strong tendency in occupational psychology to look
for the zest of work and for its sources in psychological aspects of wo
increased category I (Improve);
unaffected category N (Normal);
reduced category W (Worse).
Because it is only a qualitative assessment, this fact does not affect the HEP value of
considered HF errors. During design of the preventive measures the output o
with only single respondent are comparable. From the data we can conclude only
the ranks of single person. Due to the datas feature of being of nominal scale, the
traditional statistic functions (sums, means, etc.) are not applicable
Chemical Engineers, 1994. P. 192. ISBN 0-8169-0461-8.
Harris, D.; Stanton, N. A.; Marshall, A.; Young, M. S., Demagalskij, J.; Salmon, P.
(2005). Using SHERPA to predict design-induced error on the flight deck.
Aerospace Science and Technology, 2005, Vol.
developed. This method differs from the classical PHEA that it allows for each potential
vulnerability to evaluate its possible consequences, its occurrence probability (HEP) and
the HEP value correction under the current level of barriers preventing the
combined features from Cooppers (1998) model and from European Agency fo
Safety and Health art work s (EU-OSHA) (2008) models, into our work. The
combined model is shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Safety culture model modified from Coopper(1998) and EUOSHA (2
Edward P. Fitts Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering
North Carolina State University
Raleigh, NC 27695-7906, USA
Problem: Limited empirical evidence has been developed for models of motivation
in driving. Approach: We used a high-fide
methods is very time consuming. Therefore we developed a computer program for greater
efficiency and simplification the whole analytical process. This program includes both, a
section dedicated to the HTA analysis and another section to the PHEA analysis.
Safety attitudes reflect the attitudes, employees hold on maintaining safety, f.
ex. whether safety instruction are breached should it facilitate working methods or
is safety taken into account in every day operations.
Co-operation refers, among other thi
Atmosphere, Resourcing for safety and Flow of information are those two features
that are found to be in bad shape, since there is the highest need to be improved.
However, the organization has done certain things correctly. Safety policy,
asked to maintain a comfortable distance from the lead vehicle. The third training
trial was aimed at familiarizing drivers with passing maneuvers. Subjects were
asked to follow a car at a comfortable distance and then, after the lead vehicle
performance. The method is part of a complex methodology SHERPA, but it can be used
individually or as being in connection with HTA method. Modeling of error types that
may occur in man-machine system is probably the most important aspect of assessing and
harassment in the workplace. European Foundation for Improving Living
and Working Conditions, Office for Official Publications of the European
van der Hulst, M. (2003). Long workhours and health, Scandinavian Journal of
EMERGING PSYCHOSOCIAL RISKS AT WORK THE POLISH CASE
This short overview of the emerging psychosocial risks at work in Europe, could be
a background for outlining the Polish case relating to these risks. Generally
speaking, the picture concerning psychosoc
Central Institute for Labour Protection National Research Institute
Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warsaw, Poland
Some psychosocial aspects of work, such as job insecurity, work preca
needs and overall roadway safety (Michon 1985). Driver behavior adaption has
been extensively investigated in terms of perceptual and motor skills under different
road conditions. However, driving, as a self-paced task, is not limited to skills
To give respondents the possibility to freely speak out and say their opinion about
the employer and facilities at the working place, answering to the survey was made
anonymously. There was no way employer cou
Another stress-management intervention that has been developed in CIOP-PIB for
an occupational group struggling with high psychosocial risk was mindfulnessbased stress
management programme. The programme was designed to help
managers to enhance their copi
Errors" (e.g. poorly implemented control of subordinate employee) usually includes the
obtaining data process such as the level or status verification through visual inspection.
Error mode "Communication Errors" is related to obtaining information either
and the promotion of social dialogue and social corporate responsibility in relation
to the issues in question. According to the Framework, the management of
psychosocial risks on the enterprise level should be based on risk assessment,
development of act
Within HTA three types of analysis are carried out:
requirements and objectives analysis of specific tasks (e.g. find out what is
required of the employee during working operations),
analysis of activities carried out within the task (e.g.
complaints decreased significantly in the intervention group (Tab. 1).
Table 1: MANOVA involving Time x Intervention Effects of the intervention
Variable F p
Intellectual demands F(1,56)=4.34 .042 .072
Psychological demands F(1,56)=1.72 .19 .030
practice in interventions for the prevention and management of workrelated stress and workplace
violence and bullying In. S. Leka & T. Cox
(Eds.) The European Framework for Psychosocial Risk Management:
PRIMA-EF (pp. 136-173). Institute for Work, Health a
Co-operation 10,1 11,4 -1,3
Organization's openness to new ideas 6,5 8,0 -1,5
Safety policy 5,1 6,8 -1,7
Safety directions and regulations 9,7 11,7 -2,0
Creating new knowledge 7,8 9,9 -2,1
Working environment 9,7 12,4 -2,7
The competences are ordered in t
specific human errors database and its HEP values and also a performance influencing
factors (PIF) database were gradually built into HTA-PHEA method for maximum width
of HF reliability and mistakes analysis. This complex methodology was then transferred
the same durations: yellow time was 4~5 sec; red time was 15~45 sec; and green
time was equal to red. The simple scenario presented subjects with a country
driving environment, which included a few houses, water tanks and barns along the
road (see Figure
This result shows that the organization truly cares about its workers. Also good
news is that the Organization is open to new ideas.
The comparison of workers and management revealed somewhat expected
result. The management is more concerned about the saf