Economic Policy and the Federal Budget
-Expenditures by federal government strengthened the economy
I. Understanding Economic Terms
a. Economic policy- government taxing and spending policies; control of money
b. Market economy- prices of goods and
Period of normalization for the president
Focus on governing, not elections
Oath of Office
a. I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the
United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve,
Voting, Elections, and Campaigns
I. Questions for Critical Thinking
a. Why are there battles over ballot access and voting access? Should the system be
changed, if so, how?
b. Who tends to vote in American elections?
c. Identify the main theoretical appro
I. Test Questions
a. What is the foundation of decision making in the US judicial system?
b. Why do we have both a federal and a state judicial system? Are they structured in
c. Should judges be appointed or elected in a democr
b. Secretary of Defense
c. Its important for the people at the top to have something in common with the
II. Role of the Bureaucracy
a. Define the problem
b. Identify possible solutions
c. Implement pr
Questions for Critical Thinking
a. What is the historical basis for civil liberties? Are people as concerned today
about the protection of their civil liberties as were the founders?
b. Do you think libel laws restrict a free press? Sho
I. Questions for Critical Thinking
a. Why was the Voting Rights Act necessary?
b. Are there any obstacles today to the civil rights of minority groups in society?
c. Should affirmative action exist? If you do not favor affirmative action, how
Define proper nouns in answers
8-10 questions, none on presidency
Check point questions
Just banner ID
a. Leadership in Senate- more individual
a.i. Vice President
Can vote in cases of a tie
a.ii. President pro t
Medicare- federal government
Medicaid- states, federal government, and counties
I. Questions for Critical Thinking*
a. Why did the framers create a bicameral legislature? What impact does this
structure have today? Does it still work?
Week #2: The Constitution
- Which elements of the debate over ratification of the Constitution are present in modern
day American politics?
o How much power the federal government would have over the states
o How much direct democracy shou
National Government Powers
a. Enumerated powers
b. Necessary and proper clause/implied powers
c. Supremacy clause
d. Commerce clause* (Obama Care)
e. General Welfare clause
f. Implied Powers
National Government Limitation
Interest Groups and Political Parties
Pluralism and Interest Group Formation
in no country of the world has the principle of association been more successfully used or
applied to a greater multitude of objectives than in America Alexis de Tocqueville
When the government should be able to limit access to the media and when they shouldnt?
Network and radio are licensed by the government
o Cable and satellite radio are not
- Not a single state owned media source
- Revolving door between gove
When should the government regulate? Media self-censor?
- When national security could be breached (ambiguous) /individual safety
- Unwarranted panic
- Hate speech
Media self-censor in cases when it would break the law
- Slant stories
I. Questions for Critical Thinking
a. Do democratic governments need political parties?
b. Why is it difficult for independent candidates or minor party candidates to get
elected to Congress? How did the Tea Party devise a strategy to av
When does public opinion have affect outcome (congressional, judicial decisions, regulatory)?
When should public opinion influence public policy and when should it not?
*Same-sex marriage, Keystone pipeline
Even if the public wants it, it is unclear that
Power to Persuade
Presidents understand that communicating well with the public and building public
approval is essential to building support for their policies
where presidents could use the attention associated with the office to m
Latent Public Opinion
makes politicians accountable
How well does polling capture public opinion? Should polls direct public policy?
polling, at least on national election surveys, do a pretty good job of capturing a
The Committee Structure
The Power of Committees
Standing committees (most important)
Select committees (temporary)
committee of members of the House and Senate
The Size Principle: Evolution of House and Senate
Development of Internal Rules
Majority Party Structure
everyone has the same goals
House Rules Committee
Chair is selected by the speaker
Only way a bill can
The Special Uses of Presidential Power
Usually coincides with a foreign or domestic crisis
Most common usage to declare state of emergency to expedite federal aid
Have force of law
The Strategy of Winning
Candidate Visibility and Appeal
Use of Opinion Polls
House and Senate Campaigns
What are the similarities and differences between House and
What are Civil Liberties?
Personal freedoms that are inalienable and are grounded in mans natural state.
liberty comes before civil
We hold these truths to be self-evident.
Are there circumstances that require the government to violate civil
Biography & Memoir
Business & Leadership
Fiction & Literature
Politics & Economy
Health & Wellness
Society & Culture
Happiness & Self-Help
Mystery, Thriller & Crime
IR 271 Summer 2016 Take Home Midterm II Review Sheet
Part I. Identification (50 points)
From a List of 7 terms or set of terms, identify and explain the significance of 5 (10 points each). Each
answer should be about 4-5 sentences, or a paragraph in lengt
IR 271 Summer 2016 Final Exam Review Sheet
You will be given a list of 7 terms. Identify and explain the significance of 5 (10 points each). Each answer
should be about 4-7 sentences, or a paragraph (or two) in length. Remember, you need to explain
Approaches to International Relations
I. Thinking Theoretically
Historically, international activities were the results of actions taken by central
governments, but this is changing in the world of today. Increasingly, these activities
Personal, Political, and Institutional to Study for exam
President chooses from a number of experienced people in international relations to
advise him on certain areas
National Security Council Staff
Support the President by briefing and advi
Models of Voting
Is it rational (cost/benefit) to vote?
What is decision rule?
How do I make my voting choice?
whos in office now, and what the prospective runner will do
Banner ID# B00804177
TA: Aaron Weinstein
Higher Standard: Why the Federal Government Should Control Education Policy in the U.S
The key to having a better education system in the United States is not simply ensuring that
everyone gets an educat
IR 27l/P0171: INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL
- . RELATIONS
Summer Session II 2016
_ MonWeds 1:00 4:30
EPC 206 (750 Commonwealth Avenue)
Professor Thomas U. Berger
Dept. of International Relations
156 Bay State Road Room 303