Of Paternal Power
It is of divine rule that every child should obey their parents
The role of paternal power over a child is not only the fathers but also the
Although all men are created equally, age and merit ma
He is an 18th century thinker who is considered to be incredibly influential in
anthro, historicism, republic theory, communitarian theory, environmentalism,
French revolution because of his belief in civic equality
He is a complex thinker in tha
An alternative to the framework presented by Brettschneider
For hobbes and locke, what is crucial is that you consent to the system
If you can show that the criminal has consented to the system, then when he
commits the crime you can show that he
Contractarian Argument Against the Death Penalty
Do you agree with Finkelstein, that a consent plus benefit model gives us a good
framework for evaluating punishment?
*There should be a high penalty for murder, as it is of the hi
In American democracy, you can go through all of democratic procedures set up by
majoritarian reasoning and still find yourself in the court
Only takes 5 people out of 9 to make decision on laws that rule millions.
This is undemocratic in
Natural Law vs. Majority Rule
You cannot consent to give up the natural law
When do these two conflict
The majority does not support taxing, yet it may be what is best for that
First Treatise Paragra
*Is there a good alternative to Hobbes state of nature as a state of war, and to his
belief that this state of war compels mankind to form society? What, in this alternative,
compels mankind to come together?*
Whats the difference be
Discourse on Political Economy
Three Maxims of Legitimate Popular Government
1. Follow the general will of the public, which is separate from the private will
It is to the law alone that men owe justice and liberty. It is this healthy tool of
On The Social Contract continued.
Perfection may not be realizable, therefore, all we can do is work towards that perfection.
Legislation should be based on Liberty and Equality
When we are making laws, we have to justify them to eve
What is Marxs critique of Rousseau?
That it is not about man acting as an individual to be a part of the general will, but
that man must separate himself from his individualistic ways and act morally, according to
what is best for society as
How does Rousseau propose we successfully establish a general will of the people? What
is Marxs critique of Rousseau on this, what alternative does he provide, and how does he believe
this alternative can be implemented into society?
Largely a link of concepts
Must understand all of the concepts
Why is this a response to the problem of ideology
Rawls lays out a framework
Offer a theory of the justice of the institutions of the basic structure
Justice as Fairness: A Restatement continued.
*Government should never distribute wealth amongst its people. It should only provide
social welfare, military, and police services through taxation. The wealth of the individual and
Rawls: Justice as Fairness: Revisited continued.
Solves the problem of choosing liberal socialism or property-owning democracy
*We should all be reasonable to the fact that there are people with directly opposite
When we deliberate about public policy, should we bracket our religious views?
*No it should not. Religion is something that should remain wholly individualistic,
and be passed down in family or personal life. When discuss
Rawls Political Liberalism
Section 9 of Political Liberalism
First chapter of Democratic Rights by Prof. Brettschneider
What does Rawls mean when he says that the supreme court is the exemplar of reason?
place increased emphasis up
In Rawls overlapping consensus, what is to be done about a doctrine that is not
compatible with those already existing in the consensus?
In constructing his idea of an overlapping consensus as a socially binding
contract in a democratic society, Raw