142. Inheriting a greater tolerance for the negative effects of alcohol a.
makes it more likely that one will develop alcoholism.
b. makes it less likely that one will develop alcoholism.
c. has no effect on whether one will dev
67. Jessicas advisor recommends that Jessica take courses in at least one foreign language because, he says, there are
some thoughts that simply cannot occur to people who speak only one language. Her advisors opinion is probably
based on _.
a. Chomskys l
37. Regarding sources of motivation, self-gratification is to
a. intrinsic; avoidance
as money is to
b. avoidance; intrinsic c.
extrinsic; avoidance d.
avoidance; extrinsic e.
Module 8.1 Motivation: Th
55. Martin looks at his class syllabus and notices that his professor will lecture today on the work of Noam Chomsky.
What is most likely to be the focus of the lecture?
a. Discussion of an innate mechanism in the brain for learning language
16. The Magic 7 refers to the
a. duration of sensory memory.
b. capacity of short-term memory. c.
capacity of sensory memory.
d. duration of short-term memory.
e. number of systems in the leading model of short-term memory.
25. LaGina walks into a room and feels as if she has been there before, even though she knows that she has not.
LaGinas experience of deja vu may be explained by which concept from classical conditioning?
b. Stimulus generali
25. Compared to short-term memory, long-term memory relies a.
more on semantic coding and less on acoustic coding.
b. more on visual coding and less on acoustic coding. c.
about the same on acoustic coding.
d. about the same on semantic coding.
131. A clear connection between a behavior and a reinforcement is referred to as a.
b. a contingency.
c. a discriminative stimulus.
d. a reinforcement connection.
e. a primary connection.
Applying Psychology in Dai
76. Presentation of a rewarding stimulus serves as
a. positive punishment; negative punishment
, while removal of an aversive stimulus serves as
b. negative punishment; positive punishment
c. negative reinforcement; positive reinforcement d.
49. An organized knowledge structure reflecting ones past experience and future expectations is called a
b. phonological loop. c.
memory schema. d.
e. reconstructed memory.
124. In Sternbergs model of intelligence, creative intelligence includes
a. applying and using.
b. using and doing.
c. analyzing and evaluating.
d. evaluating and doing.
e. inventing and designing.
Module 7.3 Intelligence
88. Vlad receives $100 for every ten telemarketing calls he makes. This is an example of a
a. fixed ratio
b. variable ratio
c. fixed interval
d. variable interval
Module 5-2 Operant Conditioning:
85. A group of students make a presentation on theories of forgetting. Which student was assigned retrieval theory?
a. Apollo says, Forgetting results from a failure to access stored memories, either from encoding failure or
from a lack of access cues.
37. Regarding episodic memory, which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. Episodic memory is like a diary, holding memories of things that have happened to the individual. b.
Episodic memories are better remembered when regularly retrieved and rehears
16. Which pattern best describes what happens once classical conditioning occurs?
a. UR elicits the US.
b. CS elicits the CR.
c. NS leads to no response.
d. NS + US leads to UR.
e. US + CS leads to UR.
Module 5-1 Classica
97. In retrograde amnesia,
a. new memories interfere with old. b.
old memories interfere with new.
c. new long-term memories cannot be formed. d.
old long-term memories are lost.
e. all memories are kept hidden from awareness.
121. What is the most widely used psychoactive drug?
a. alcohol b.
Module 4-4 Altering Consciousness Through
EPCA.NEVI.2015.4.11 - Identify the majo
100. When Sara misbehaves, her parents respond by not allowing her to watch TV for a certain amount of time. Her
parents are using which method of discipline?
a. escape learning
b. avoidance learning
c. negative reinforcement
d. positive reinforcement e.
7. Which of the following is NOT an argument against instinct theory for human behavior?
a. The list of instincts grew too large to be useful.
b. The theory does not explain behavior; it only labels it.
c. Human behavior is too variable to be explained by
121. Which of the following can best be described as an example of latent learning?
a. Deborah, who gives her four-year-old son a hug every time he puts his toys away.
b. Samantha, who has wandered through the downtown area a number of times without havin
112. Each of the following describes a form of cognitive learning EXCEPT
a. observational learning.
b. insight learning.
c. operant conditioning.
d. latent learning.
e. vicarious learning.
Module 5-3 Cognitive Learning
100. Kristina scored below average on an intelligence test in 5th grade. As a result, she was held back a year. Her
parents and teachers developed low expectations for her. Ultimately, Kristina quit high school and took a lowpaying job at a convenience st
130. Which of these hallucinogens derive from natural substances and have been used by Native Americans for religious
a. PCP and LSD
b. mescaline and psilocybin
c. mescaline and LSD
d. psilocybin and PCP
e. marijuana and mescaline
79. In Binets method of intelligence testing, the age at which a childs performance peaked was considered his or her
a. chronological age.
b. intelligence quotient.
c. mental age.
d. intellectual age.
e. deviation IQ.
How Is Intellig
25. Incentives are
a. physiologically based needs.
b. homeostatically controlled drives.
c. rewards that motivate us to behave in a certain way. d.
instinctually based motives.
e. drives acquired through experience.
Module 8.1 Motiva
145. Describe the basic components of language.
The four basic components of language are phonemes, morphemes, syntax, and
semantics. Phonemes are the basic units of sound in a language. English has about 40
b. natural concept
c. logical concept d.
e. probabilistic concept
Module 7.1 Thinking
Problem Solving: Applying Mental Strategies to Solving Problems
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: EPCA.NEVI.2015.07.04 - Identify and describe m
112. Eric was tested at school for entry into the gifted program. It is likely that Eric scored at least
Extremes of Intelligence: Intellectual Disability and Giftedness
61. In investigative questioning, how do leading questions and open-ended questions compare?
a. Open-ended questions lead to more accuracy but fewer details than leading questions. b.
Open-ended questions lead to more accuracy and more details than leadin
91. The process of establishing norms for a test by giving it to large numbers of people is called a.
What Are the Characteris
7. The best memory usually results from which type of encoding?
Human Memory as an Information Processing System
140. Summarize how classical conditioning is achieved.
Classical conditioning involves learning an association between two stimuli. It makes use
of a pre-existing reflexive response. For example, a puff of air into
7. Compared to men, women tend to
a. report less vivid images of past experiences.
b. use more visual imagery to remember past events.
c. use less visual imagery to remember past experiences. d.
more often use imagery in problem solving.
e. perform worse
73. Experts suggest that college students distribute their study sessions throughout the semester rather than preparing for
exams by cramming. This means that college students should use which approach to memorization?
a. spaced practice
b. massed practic
31. Regarding characteristics that influence conditioned responses, which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. In general, the more often the CS is paired with the US, the stronger the CR.
b. In general, the more often the CS is paired with the US, th