49. An organized knowledge structure reflecting ones past experience and future expectations is called a
b. phonological loop. c.
memory schema. d.
e. reconstructed memory.
91. The process of establishing norms for a test by giving it to large numbers of people is called a.
What Are the Characteris
25. LaGina walks into a room and feels as if she has been there before, even though she knows that she has not.
LaGinas experience of deja vu may be explained by which concept from classical conditioning?
b. Stimulus generali
76. Presentation of a rewarding stimulus serves as
a. positive punishment; negative punishment
, while removal of an aversive stimulus serves as
b. negative punishment; positive punishment
c. negative reinforcement; positive reinforcement d.
61. In investigative questioning, how do leading questions and open-ended questions compare?
a. Open-ended questions lead to more accuracy but fewer details than leading questions. b.
Open-ended questions lead to more accuracy and more details than leadin
109. Regarding the role of the hippocampus in memory, which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. The hippocampus serves as a temporary storage bin for holding new memories before they are transferred to
other parts of the brain for long-term storage.
131. A clear connection between a behavior and a reinforcement is referred to as a.
b. a contingency.
c. a discriminative stimulus.
d. a reinforcement connection.
e. a primary connection.
Applying Psychology in Dai
121. The major role of genes in memory may be their ability to control a.
development of new neurons.
b. which neurons die.
c. production of proteins.
d. which experiences are encoded.
e. synaptic connections.
Module 6.3 The Biology
112. Each of the following describes a form of cognitive learning EXCEPT
a. observational learning.
b. insight learning.
c. operant conditioning.
d. latent learning.
e. vicarious learning.
Module 5-3 Cognitive Learning
100. Kristina scored below average on an intelligence test in 5th grade. As a result, she was held back a year. Her
parents and teachers developed low expectations for her. Ultimately, Kristina quit high school and took a lowpaying job at a convenience st
85. A group of students make a presentation on theories of forgetting. Which student was assigned retrieval theory?
a. Apollo says, Forgetting results from a failure to access stored memories, either from encoding failure or
from a lack of access cues.
88. Vlad receives $100 for every ten telemarketing calls he makes. This is an example of a
a. fixed ratio
b. variable ratio
c. fixed interval
d. variable interval
Module 5-2 Operant Conditioning:
124. In Sternbergs model of intelligence, creative intelligence includes
a. applying and using.
b. using and doing.
c. analyzing and evaluating.
d. evaluating and doing.
e. inventing and designing.
Module 7.3 Intelligence
16. Which pattern best describes what happens once classical conditioning occurs?
a. UR elicits the US.
b. CS elicits the CR.
c. NS leads to no response.
d. NS + US leads to UR.
e. US + CS leads to UR.
Module 5-1 Classica
67. Jessicas advisor recommends that Jessica take courses in at least one foreign language because, he says, there are
some thoughts that simply cannot occur to people who speak only one language. Her advisors opinion is probably
based on _.
a. Chomskys l
121. Which of the following can best be described as an example of latent learning?
a. Deborah, who gives her four-year-old son a hug every time he puts his toys away.
b. Samantha, who has wandered through the downtown area a number of times without havin
7. Which of the following is NOT an argument against instinct theory for human behavior?
a. The list of instincts grew too large to be useful.
b. The theory does not explain behavior; it only labels it.
c. Human behavior is too variable to be explained by
100. When Sara misbehaves, her parents respond by not allowing her to watch TV for a certain amount of time. Her
parents are using which method of discipline?
a. escape learning
b. avoidance learning
c. negative reinforcement
d. positive reinforcement e.
121. What is the most widely used psychoactive drug?
a. alcohol b.
Module 4-4 Altering Consciousness Through
EPCA.NEVI.2015.4.11 - Identify the majo
97. In retrograde amnesia,
a. new memories interfere with old. b.
old memories interfere with new.
c. new long-term memories cannot be formed. d.
old long-term memories are lost.
e. all memories are kept hidden from awareness.
37. Regarding episodic memory, which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. Episodic memory is like a diary, holding memories of things that have happened to the individual. b.
Episodic memories are better remembered when regularly retrieved and rehears
142. Inheriting a greater tolerance for the negative effects of alcohol a.
makes it more likely that one will develop alcoholism.
b. makes it less likely that one will develop alcoholism.
c. has no effect on whether one will dev
b. natural concept
c. logical concept d.
e. probabilistic concept
Module 7.1 Thinking
Problem Solving: Applying Mental Strategies to Solving Problems
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: EPCA.NEVI.2015.07.04 - Identify and describe m
37. Regarding sources of motivation, self-gratification is to
a. intrinsic; avoidance
as money is to
b. avoidance; intrinsic c.
extrinsic; avoidance d.
avoidance; extrinsic e.
Module 8.1 Motivation: Th
55. Martin looks at his class syllabus and notices that his professor will lecture today on the work of Noam Chomsky.
What is most likely to be the focus of the lecture?
a. Discussion of an innate mechanism in the brain for learning language
37. Divergent thinking is
a. conceiving of new ways of viewing situations and new uses for familiar objects. b.
maintaining an initial hypothesis despite contradictory evidence.
c. relying on previous successful strategies to solve a new problem. d.
52. The most surprising element in Garcias research on taste aversion was that
a. animals were sickened by radiation. b.
animals would avoid drinking water.
c. animals would drink even if they were sick.
d. conditioned taste aversion could be developed ev
151. Describe five states of consciousness, including a description of the level of alertness in each state.
Focused awareness is a state of heightened alertness, in which a person is fully involved
in the task at hand. One might experience this s
25. Mental set is a
a. type of means-end heuristic.
b. tendency to rely on problem-solving strategies that worked in the past. c.
type of subgoal setting.
d. form of the backwards-thinking heuristic.
e. rule of thumb in problem solving.
145. Describe the basic components of language.
The four basic components of language are phonemes, morphemes, syntax, and
semantics. Phonemes are the basic units of sound in a language. English has about 40