Viceroy of New Spain is perceived as a liberal. Supports relative freedom
from traditional rule of the church, civil rights for minorities and the poor.
Rich conservatives took advantage and sent this viceroy back to Spain.
Has a plan
Saint-Domingues sugar barons invested in human power as well as in their estates. They
commonly described their wealth not in terms of crane acreafe or tons of sugar exports, but
instead in terms of the hundered of enslaved workers they controlled. (page,
Local police force
the security of the master class rested on the cooperation between the whites and free
people of color. from the very inception, the marechausse used free men of color for the
difficult physical work of patrolling the roads,
CAUSES OF THE 1791 UPRISING
o The Revolution Begins 1789-1791
o Planters wanted to be part of the Frances Estate, but the royal officials refused.
Six were admitted in the meeting at versalies by june 1789. Afterwards,
representatives of the Guadeloupe a
The Code Noir (1863)
It was ordered by Louis XVI, and it defined the rights of the slaves, and it also gave
plantation owners tremendous control over their slaves. It also restricted the slaves from abiding
to any religion other than Catholic,
Description.of the French Part of the Island of Saint Domingue
Multatto loves pleasure it is his only pleasure, but it is his tyrannical master.
the entire being of the mulatresse is dedicated to sensual pleasure
the meeting for vabdoux takes
Document 5 The Free Citizens of Color
Touches on race
The social class
Race plays a huge role in determining status and status over time
Document 6 Decree of March 8 and Instructions of March 28
national assembly voted to pill all power to reform racia
Document 13 History of the Revolution of Saint Domingue
Chapter three, Inheritance, is broad in scope. It begins with the petitions of the gens de
couleur libres, or free-coloreds, to the National Assembly in 1791, and looks back at their status
Age of Revolution-Mills
Moralize the concept of harm
Even if you cannot draw the line, then
The only time when the majority can use the power is to stop the minority is when it is to
prevent the harm to others
Society has an obligation to stop the harm to
About 1/10 of the cahiers of dolean called for emancipation
Most slavery opinion was about reform
One was ending slave trade
Equality for free black and mulatt
These were the reform views that were widely held
The Patriots-They were middle
Given what weve learned in the class. We should contemplate the following questions
that we touched upon during the course.
In what ways were the Spanish and Haitian revolution similar or different from the
Syllabus includes date dues and week readings.
Throughout the course, we will learn about the different revolutions that occurred during
the 18th and 19th century.
There have been numerous interpretations of these revolutions from di
Revolution started due to the bad relationship with the slaves and the owners.
Much like past revolutions, same treatment and results.
Not unique in that they relate to the past uprisings.
However, the Haitian revolution was the mos
The French Caribbean in The Eighteenth Century
Colonist in Martiniuque and Guadeloupe planted tobacco.
French Saint Domingue began as an outlaw territory. Spain forced the colonist to
abandon the western portion of their colony of Santo Domingo.
The Haitian Revolution-Part 2
Because of the Haitian Revolution, Cubas plantation and slavery expanded as they
shipped the sugar that Haiti ceased to provide.
Effects of the 1791 Uprising
This was the only revolt that succeeded in d
Slaves were treated brutally, and they were constant victims of torture.
Some retaliated by using poision against their master, and others would escape.
In August 1791, there was a slave revolution in Saint Domingue, which forced France to
Notes on the appearances of the book
This is a printed book. Leather-bound, simple looking book. It is small
and not very long. For these reasons, I would say the book is very
down to the point and not sugarcoated in decoration or orator like
1. Structure of Saint Domingue society
Most valuble crop of 18th century was sugar. Demand just kept growing
as more people wanted to get it and could afford it.
Saint-Domange was richest colony in new world, only size of Maryland.
Produced most sugar i
Goes against the predominating Machiavelli (power by force cannot be
legitimate political authority). Was this first explicit go against?
long debates, dissections and tumult proclaim the ascendency of par ticular interests and the decline of
Domestic insurrections insinuates the Indians and colonists as being
together. or "domestic insurrections" is a euphemism of slaves.
saying slaves would go against everything revolution is for.
Natives and blacks fought for their liberty, didn't get it
Race and Revo
Incompatibility between slavery and the ideology behind the new Amer ican system of government.
Historians ignored the revolutionary era abolition movement, in an ef fort to uphold slavery and white supremacy
In 1767, a bill was pu
Conflicts accompanied by lots of books. Ideas underly violence of rebel lion.
Revoltion wasn't new.
Absolute monarchy was actually new. repelled by other elites and the
American revolution came out of great revolution 1642, glorious revo
Second Treatise of Government
People can rebel if not represented well by governors.
Government must protect RIGHTS and be representative of the people.
People actually have RIGHTS that shouldn't be infringed upon.
Age of Revolution
The Third Estate
Men with property
Celestian hierarchy- men, stars, sun
The Third Estate
-96% of the population
-The third estate is what defines the nation and the second and first estate are outside of
France helped finance
-how Louis sixteen was an
Enlightment Monarcha contradiction
New age of reason and it meant an end to a divine
Rationality-Organization of society is based on the decisions we make ourselves and not
based on where we are born.
Homogeneous set of
Believes that the third-estate should bolster its representation in the political order
The number of representatives be doubled
if the priviledged order were removed, the nation would not be something less but
he feels disdains
Age of Revolution-Haitian Revolution
Introduction: Revolution, Emancipation and Independence
As indigenous civilizations were conquered and decimated, colonists in some parts of the
New World established plantations that focused on the production of agric
o Believes that the third-estate should bolster its representation in the political order
o The number of representatives be doubled
o if the priviledged order were removed, the nation would not be something less
but something more
o he feels
MAJOR ACTORS IN THE HAITI REVOLUTION
o Toussaint was the son of a slave and he would happen to have a great impact on
the slave rebellion.
o Inspired by the events in France.
o At first, he didnt want to join but then the events in France motivated him to