1. The Good is the Aim of Action
a. Every human activity aims at some end that we consider good
The highest ends are ends in themselves
Subordinate ends may only be means to higher ends
Those highest ends, which we purs
Whos Calling Whom Civilized?
The Ancient Near East and the Rise of the City State
11,000 BCE= agricultural revolution shift from Paleolithic to Neolithic
3500-3000 BCE Sumerian cities established
Warfare in acient times= NOT as destr
The Early Christians
o Jesus was eating with his followers, and said dont leave for the gift my father has
promised you will be given to you= the holy spirt
o But his followers dont understand, they think he is going to militaril
Born in 43 BC in central Italy
Came from a prominent family, who intended for him to enter into politics, but moved to Rome and
turned to poetry
Wrote the Art of Love during the reign of Octavian Agustus who later turned against him and had him
Aeneas, who is fleeing the ruins of his native city, Troy, which has been ravaged in a war
with Achilles and the Greeks
o The Trojans accompany Aeneas on a perilous journey to establish a new home in
Juno harbors anger toward
Stoicism and Neoplatonism
The Post- Socrates
Transition taking place for philosophers
o Going to find philosophers moving away from the idea of the
Polis and changing their approach to philosophy, going to turn
inward and start looking at the individual
What is the role of desire in the pursuit of virtue?
Can human beings train their desires?
If so how and why?
Are we more fully human when we feel more or less?