Why might comprehensions of abstract and long sentences be difficult
for aphasic patients?
They have impaired short term verbal memory which impairs recall.
What does sentence comprehension involve?
Bottom-up processing, such as tex
Models of Lexical Processing
What does the auditory analysis system do?
Early sound processing
The level at which we recognize whether the incoming sound pattern is
speech or non-speech stimuli
Identify phonemes in the speech wave
The results of the analy
Naming and Sentence production
Who is inappropriate for treatment?
Patients who are too ill or too weak, with severe aphasia with poor
prognosis, and who decline treatment, such as global aphasics.
What is the focus of treatment?
To treat the underlying p
Aphasia Syndromes part 2
What is anomic aphasia?
When anomia appears in relatively isolated form
Prominent word finding difficulty in the context of fluent, grammatically
well formed speech
Emptiness of substantive words in speech
Use of circumlocutions
What causes an ischemic stroke?
Deprivation of the blood supply to the brain
Accounts for 80% of strokes
What is a thrombotic stroke?
Occlusion of an artery by the formation of atherosclerotic plaque
(accumulations of lips and fibrous materials) o
Aphasia Syndromes part 1
What is non-fluent aphasia?
Hallmark: the loss of the capacity to generate uninterrupted strings of words
Rarely produce as many as 4 words in a grammatically coherent utterances
Impaired articulation (some may show articulation d
Reading and Writing part 1
What does the visual analysis system do?
Identify letters in written words
Encode each letter for its position within a word
Group letter together as part of the same word
No differentiation between real and non-words
Reading and Writing part 2
What does the grapheme level do?
Store abstract representations of each of the letters in English
Input from VAS, PGC, and GOL
What does the allograph level do?
Letters are represented in spatial form
Two variants: upper- and lo
Exam 2 Study Guide part 1
3 auditory comprehension strategies
treatment for wernickes aphasia (TWA)
*global, mixed nonfluent/transcoritcal, wernickes, trans sensory, post sub
language not lost - just inefficien
Exam 2 Study Guide part 2
focal neurological deficits that may/not be permanent,
any period of loss of consciousness,
loss of memory before/after accident,
physical, cognitive, or behavioral changes
TBI severity level
based on period o