Exam 2 study guide
The law of crimes
Basic elements of criminal law
The part of the law that creates, defines, and regulates rights, including, for example, the law of
contracts, torts, wills, and real property; the essential
CRIM 113 Introduction to Law
Howard Smith, J.D., Ph.D.
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Exam 1 Review
4th Amendment (Language) Searches/Seizure & Warrant(less) (12) - 4th amend = shall be secure against unreasonable searches and seizures; warrant - Searches are unreasonable if they interfere with a person's expectation of privacy Peop
Amendments 13TH AMENDMENT (PG. 296) Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. TH
INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Read each question CAREFULLY. Choose the BEST answer and mark the appropriate
bubble on the scantron. You may write on the test.
1. The concept or philosophy of corrections which states that the righ
Mental counseling, Drug counseling, Support Services, etc.
What is necessary to make you a better person?
8th Amendment - Cruel & Unusual Punishments
Evolving Standards of Decency
We are not held to time periods of decency, attitude changes
community standards, would find that the work, taken as a
whole, appeals to the prurient interest;
The average person under modern community standards
Whether the work depicts/describes, in a patently offensive way,
sexual conduct specifically defined by
Some lawyers have the ability to use the law to change society
Use the courts to overturn laws, use cases as a tool to change
Griswold Vs. Connecticut
Involved Connecticut law that was unenforceable or silly"
Law was that no one in Conne
Tried to channel the drug market from the streets to medical
Prohibition: No Alcohol
Unacceptable medical practice to aid an addiction
Creates an even worse street market, organized crime associated
Discouraged to think a certain way, what is deemed right or
Direct: Person actually being applied with control
More formal command position in society
law applied to the actor
Less formal command position in soc
to the property of a white man. State
Separate but equal
State is allowed to consider your
race, however, you cannot
have a system where all
preference is given to Whites.
NAACP 1911 Argues for Plessy
Lecture Notes 9/2
Crime control model
Deference to government
Court Room Work Group: Common goers to court room
Criminal Justice Cases like a wedding cake
Lecture Notes 9/12
Bill Of Rights
Amendment 1: Congress makes no law enforcing religion,
prohibiting free speech or expression, right to petition the
government. Basic freedoms
Paul Tochett watered down religion
Pittsburgh display w
Lecture Notes 9/26
MPC Criminal Homicide
210.1 Criminal Homicide
A person is guilty of criminal homicide if he purposely,
knowingly, recklessly or negligently causes the death of
another human being.
Criminal homicide is murder, manslaughter or neglig
Behind the counter
War on Drugs
Dramatic increase in incarcerations
Didnt prevent drug use, rather led to more
Violence to protect your trade, avoid prison
Dealing with drug war lords rather tha
In re Gault
Gault was charged in the juvenile court for an obscene phone call.
Given a lack of rights. Reform was required by supreme court.
Right to proper notification of charges
Right to legal counsel
Right to confront witnesses
Right to p
Chapter 4: Federal and State Courts
The Supreme Court comprises eight justices and the chief justice.
The justices are nominated by the president, confirmed by the Senate, and serve for life
or until they choose to retire.
- Social Control
Law to acter
Peers, family, etc.
Law affects observants
Peers, reaction, observers
o Retribution = eye for an eye
o Deterrence = looks only at whats appropriate for you
Lecture Notes 9/7
Legislative Branch or Congress
House of Representatives
Based on state population
435 House Members
2 senators a state
Slaves would count as 3/5 of a person
Lecture Notes 8/29
Pyrrhic Defeat Theory
We win by losing, what looks as a defeat is a victory
Losing the war on crime is considered a victory
Our response to defeat enables us to learn about
Creates a specific image of crime
Chapter 06: Criminal Procedure
Sources of Criminal Procedure Law
The legal foundation for most criminal procedural decisions is the U.S. Constitution,
including the Bill of Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment.
Most criminal procedural la
The Law and Social Change