PSYCH 105 Study Sheet for Exam # 2
Please use the terms below to guide you as you are studying. The exam is designed to evaluate how
thoroughly you understand these concepts and related details.
Studying Human Nature
_ Hobbes "Biological Instinct"
Unit 2: Research Methods
1. People turn to psychology in many ways and for many different reasons. The trick,
though, is to distinguish fact from opinion.
2. Many people and world leaders believe in their instincts and go by their gut
Unit 5: States of Consciousness
1. The idea of consciousness dates to the roots of psychology. But by the 1960s,
consciousness had been almost entirely removed and replaced by behaviorism
(that which can be observed).
2. Around 1960, neuro
Unit 7A: Memory
1. We are our memories. Without memory, wed be little more than a rock.
2. Memory is learning that has remained over time, information thats stored and
can be retrieved.
3. Even regular people have amazing memories.
1. In o
Unit 6: Learning
1. Animals tend to live by an instinctive genetic code. For example, a salmons life is
pretty much hard-wired into its genes birth, youth in the stream, adulthood in
the ocean, then return to the stream to spawn and die.
Unit 7B: Thinking, Problem Solving, Creativity,
1. Humans can somehow be amazingly brilliant, yet amazingly stupid. Were both
rational and irrational.
2. Thinking is also known as cognition. Cognitive psychologists study think
Intro to Psych Section 1
The Field of Psychology
History of psychology
o Rooted in philosophy and the natural sciences (ex: biology)
o Psych is only about 135 years old
Studies interaction between mind and behavior (body
Mental activity for organizing, understanding and communication
Mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person in
o Awareness of info in brain, making de
Psych Section Two
Sensation and Perception Part. 1
A /-\ A
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processes as
we construct perceptions, drawing on our experience and
Unit 4: Sensation and Perception
1. Some people can see perfectly, but cannot recognize members of their family. This
person has whats called prosopagnosia, AKA face blindness. This illustrates the
difference between sensation and percepti
Unit 3C: Genetics, Evolutionary Psychology, and
1. People are both very different in many ways and very similar in many ways.
2. Some things seem universal to people, regardless of their race or culture
perceiving facial expressi
Modules: 43, 44, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 8, 10, Pages: 670-672
1. Psychological Disorders:
- Culture and normality: Each culture has its own idea of normal
(what is normal to Americans may be abnormal to tribal Africans)
- Psychological disorders: patterns of
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TOOLS FOR BRAIN RESEARCH
1. The electroencephalogram (EEG)
Electrical activity throughout the brain sweeps in regular waves across its surface.
The EEG records the patterns of these electrical waves.
The EEG reveals areas of the brain thanges in
AP Psych - II. Research Methods, 810%
Chapter 2, Selections from Textbook (AP Psychology Workbook)
NOTE to STUDENTS: This section is very important to the AP Psychology Exam. It is worth
spending significant time studying this sectio
Alice F. Short
Hilliard Davidson High School
Personological and Life Story Perspectives
Social Cognitive Perspectives
Unit 1: History and Approaches
1. People have brainsthe most complex thing known in the universe.
2. People have mindsnon-physical but undoubtedly real.
3. People are naturally interested in other people and in what goes on in our minds.
Unit 3A: Neural Processing and the Endocrine
1. You cannot totally separate the mind from the body.
2. Biological psychologists study the linkage and interplay between the body and
3. Even more broadly, there is a biopsych
Unit 3B: The Brain
1. Theres little doubt that what makes you yourself and me myself resides in our
2. The mind is somehow a combination of body plus brain.
2. The tools of discovery: having our head examined
1. Early on, there wer
Psych Section 4
Stress and Health
Stressors and Stress
o Physical, emotional, cognitive and behavioral responses to
Frustrations, delays, irritations, minor disagreements, etc.
Residual ripples from stressors